Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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The Significance of the Number 40 (and the other numbers)

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on August 3, 2015

Anu-60, Enlil-50, Enki-40

Anu-60 (the sky, Uranus), Enlil-50 (the wind, Saturn), Enki-40 (the earth, Hermes)

Enlil named the present era, his, “Age of the Bull.”  He had his sons and grandsons declare themselves and the other Nibirans and their pure descendants  gods.  The gods, he ordered, would direct their slaves to build temples and cities to serve  them.  He ranked his father, King Anu, 60 and designated himself and his successor, Ninurta, 50s.  Enlil ranked Enki 40, Nannar, 30.  Nannar’s son Utu ranked 20, Ute’s sister Inanna,15.

The “gods” rebuilt the cities of Edin/Mesopotamia; in each city there they built a temple-home for its principal god.   Ninurta got Lagash, where he had a both a hangar for his aircraft, armory for his missiles and a temple-home for himself and his wife, Bau.  Utu, from his rebuilt city of Sippar,  was given the task of creating laws for the humans.  Nannar was given the city of Urim.  Ishkur/Adad returned from the Andes to a temple in the mountains north of Mesopotamia.  Marduk and Nabu came to stay at Enki’s place in Eridu.

[Sitchin, Z., 2002, The Lost Book of Enki, pages 276 -278]

The Anunnaki lords created Ninurta’s city, Kishi, the first city ruled by a Adapite king whom Ninurta appointed.   Ninurta had journeyed  to Eridu to get the computer programs (MEs) he needed for a human city.

Remember that Inanna had, in reaction, traveled to Eridu on the Persian Gulf, seduced Enki and got him, while he was drunk, lusting and enchanted by her, to give her MEs which would let her convert her Mesopotamian temple precinct at Uruk into a king-ruled city dedicated to her. Enki had tried to get the MEs back, but Enlil had not only said Inanna could keep them for Uruk, and that “When their time term of Kishi shall be completed, to Ung-ki kingship shall pass.”

[Sitchin, Z., 2002, The Lost Book of Enki, page 281]

Marduk felt he, not Inanna, should succeed Ninurta as the Lord whom the next line of Earth kings should obey.   Marduk raged when he heard that Inanna also now had precedence over him in Mesopotamia.

Number 40 in the Bible

Isaiah 40:26 MSG.

In Sumerian mythology, Anu (also An; from Sumerian An, “sky, heaven”) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. It was believed that he had the power to judge those who had committed crimes, and that he had created the stars as soldiers to destroy the wicked. His attribute was the royal tiara. His attendant and minister of state was the god Ilabrat.

The Masonic Square & Compasses with a “G” in the middle,
capped by the Mind’s Eye (Third Eye) in the Triangle.

Most Freemasons, when asked the meaning of their Square & Compasses logo, state: “Both…are architect’s tools…to teach symbolic lessons…”


However, the Square and Compasses logo has a meaning that goes much deeper than merely teaching lessons. Notice how the Compasses tool on top draws a “circular” shape:

The Square tool on the bottom draws a “square” shape:

When placed together, as in the logo of the Freemasons, the Compasses tool and the Square tool form a square and circle:

The square and circle shapes are related in Euclid’s 47th problem of “Squaring The Circle,” said to be the primary goal of the Masonic craft.

Squaring the circle, however, does not in this case refer to a mathematical problem: it is a spiritual reference to man’s instinctive quest to harmonize our physical and spiritual natures.

Since Antiquity, the square has represented the physical body. The circle, on the other hand, has always represented the soul.

40 (number)

The Significance of the Number 40

What Does the Number Forty (40) Mean or Represent in the Bible?

The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 50

Number 50 Symbolism, 50 Meaning and Numerology

Number 60 – Opus Dei – writings of the founder

Number 60 Symbolism, 60 Meaning and Numerology

Top 10 Significant Numbers in Biblical Numerology

Meaning of Numbers in the Bible

The Bible Study Site

Anu-60, Enlil-50, Enki-40, Abzu and Ereshkigal

Of all the types and shadows of the Old Testament, none is as pervasive and important as the shadows revealed in the relationship between “forty,” and the fulfillment of promises.

  • The rains (in Noah’s day) fell for 40 days and nights (Genesis 7:4).
  • Israel ate Manna for 40 years (Exodus 16:35).
  • Moses was with God in the mount, 40 days and nights (Exodus 24:18).
  • Moses was again with God 40 days and 40 nights (Exodus 34:28).
  • Moses led Israel from Egypt at age 80 (2 times 40), and after 40 years in the wilderness, died at 120 (3 times 40; Deuteronomy 34:7).
  • The spies searched the land of Canaan for 40 days (Numbers 13:25).
  • Therefore, God made Israel wander for 40 years (Numbers 14:33-34).
  • 40 stripes was the maximum whipping penalty (Deuteronomy 25:3).
  • God allowed the land to rest for 40 years (Judges 3:11).
  • God again allowed the land to rest for 40 years (Judges 5:31).
  • God again allowed the land to rest for 40 years (Judges 8:28).
  • Abdon (a judge in Israel) had 40 sons (Judges 12:14).
  • Israel did evil; God gave them to an enemy for 40 years (Judges 13:1).
  • Eli judged Israel for 40 years (1 Samuel 4:18).
  • Goliath presented himself to Israel for 40 days (1 Samuel 17:16).
  • Saul reigned for 40 years (Acts 13:21).
  • Ishbosheth (Saul’s son) was 40 when he began reign (2 Samuel 2:10).
  • David reigned over Israel for 40 years (2 Samuel 5:4, 1 Kings 2:11).
  • The holy place of the temple was 40 cubits long (1 Kings 6:17).
  • 40 baths (measurement) was size of lavers in Temple (1 Kings 7:38).
  • The sockets of silver are in groups of 40 (Exodus 26:19 & 21).
  • Solomon reigned same length as his father; 40 years (1 Kings 11:42).
  • Elijah had one meal that gave him strength 40 days (1 Kings 19:8).
  • Ezekiel bore the iniquity of the house of Judah for 40 days (Ezekiel 4:6).
  • Jehoash (Joash) reigned 40 years in Jerusalem (2 Kings 12:1).
  • Egypt to be laid desolate for 40 years (Ezekiel 29:11-12).
  • Ezekiel’s (symbolic) temple is 40 cubits long (Ezekiel 41:2).
  • The courts in Ezekiel’s temple were 40 cubits long (Ezra 46:22).
  • God gave Nineveh 40 days to repent (Jonah 3:4).
  • Jesus fasted 40 days and nights (Matthew 4:2).
  • Jesus was tempted 40 days (Luke 4:2, Mark 1:13).
  • Jesus remained on earth 40 days after resurrection (Acts 1:3).
  • Women are pregnant for 40 weeks (time of testing).

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