Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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Assyria

Det assyriske/kaldeiske/syriske folk:

Assyria

Assyria’s Timeline

War and Hunt

Assyrian Art

Assyrian Costumes

Assyrian Palace

Assyrian Religion

Ninevhe

Shalmeneser III

The Fall of Ninevhe 612 BC

Assyrian Writing

Assyria:

anunaki 9788854402683

Babylonia Poster

assyria

Assyria Assyria_mat-ashur.jpg

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Assyrian - iraq Photo

Assyrian-Flag - iraq Photo

Assyria’s Timeline:

Ancient Assyria’s timeline spans from 5000 BCE, when its first sites were inhabited, to 609 BCE when Ashur-Uballit II, the last Assyrian king, retreated in defeat at Harran.

Ancient Assyria is the term used to describe a region on the Upper Tigris River, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. According to some Judeo-Christian traditions, the city of Ashur was founded by Ashur the son of Shem, who was deified by later generations as the city’s patron god.

The upper Tigris River valley seems to have been ruled from Sumer, Akkad, and northern Babylonia in its earliest stages, and was part of Sargon the Great’s empire.

Assyria proper was located in a mountainous region, extending along the Tigris as far as the high Gordiaean or Carduchian mountain range of Armenia, sometimes called the “Mountains of Ashur.”

Later, as a nation and Empire, it also came to include roughly the northern half of Mesopotamia. (The southern half being Babylonia).

Through history, The Assyrian kings controlled large kingdoms at three different times. These are called:

  • The Old Kingdom – (2000 to 1500 BCE)
  • The Middle Kingdom (1500 to 1000 BCE)
  • The Neo-Assyrian Kingdom (1000 to 609 BCE)

The Assyrians were passionate about the subjects of Astronomy, Astrology, History, Mythology, and Science and their Metaphysical implications to daily life.

For example, one Assyrian king, Assurbanipal, who ruled in the seventh century BCE from 668 BCE to 625 BCE, was famous for assembling a great library of cuneiform tablets in Nineveh on the subjects of Astrology, History, Mythology and Science.

Using Astrology, for the interpretation of omens, some of Assurbanipal’s astrologers, such as Rammanu-sumausar and Nabu-musisi, became so adept at interpreting omens from daily movements of the planets that a system of making periodical reports to the king came into being.

Receiving swift messengers detailing ‘all occurrences in heaven and earth’ throughout his kingdom, and the results of his astrologer’s examinations of them, Assurbanipal used the information as a political weapon, for the practical day-to-day running of his kingdom.

After his death, the Assyrian city of Nineveh fell to the Medians and the Chaldean Babylonians, and Assurbanipal’s library was destroyed or dispersed.

Millennia later, there is ongoing discussion over the nature of the Nimrud lens. A piece of rock crystal unearthed in 1850 from the Nimrud palace complex in northern Iraq. Some believe that it is evidence for the existence of ancient Assyrian telescopes, which could explain the great accuracy of Assyrian Astronomy.

 War and Hunt:

azbattlenineveha

azbattleninevehb

Assyrian Art:

anunaki assyrian-lion-head-o

horse riders

Transporting lumber

Fichier:Assyrian royal lion hunt.jpg

Lion hunt

 

anunaki profilePromoMay08_lg

anunaki assyrian-lion-2-o

Museum

assyrian hall in Baghdad Museum

az800px-Nineveh_Nebi_Yunus_Excavation_Bull-Man_Head

Assyrian Costumes:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Ancient_Times%2C_Assyrian._-_004_-_Costumes_of_All_Nations_%281882%29.JPG

Assyrian Palace:

anunaki artempiresnineveh1

https://i2.wp.com/www.ancientmetaphysics.com/images/Lg_Assyrian_Palace.jpg

wall painting

Assyrian Religion:

assyrian tree of life

azassyrian-handbag-865-860-bc

Ninevhe:

Assyria NinevehPlains.jpg

 assyrian-design20.jpg

az800px-Nineveh_Adad_gate_exterior_entrance_far2

az800px-Nineveh_mashki_gate_from_west

azassyrian_statues_nimrud_iraq_photo_unesco

azsyria,_Lamassu's_Guarding_Palace_Entrance

Shalmeneser III:

azBlack_Oblesk_Shalmeneser_III

The Fall of Ninevhe 612 BC:

azbattleninevehe

Assyrian Writing:

anunak allap

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