Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

Old Europe 1

Paleolithic

Lower Paleolithic

Homo

Control of fire

Stone tools

Middle Paleolithic

Middle Stone Age

Homo neanderthalensis

Homo sapiens

Recent African origin of modern humans

Upper Paleolithic

Late Stone Age

Behavioral modernity

Atlatl

Origin of the domestic dog

Mesolithic

Microliths

Bow

Canoe

Natufian

Khiamian

Tahunian

Neolithic

Heavy Neolithic

Shepherd Neolithic

Trihedral Neolithic

Pre-Pottery Neolithic

Neolithic Revolution

Domestication

Pottery Neolithic

Pottery

Fertile crescent

Levantine corridor

Heavy Neolithic

Shepherd Neolithic

Trihedral Neolithic

Qaraoun culture

Tahunian culture

Yarmukian Culture

Halaf culture

Ubaid culture

Uruk culture

Byblos

Jericho

Tell Aswad

Çatalhöyük

Jarmo

farming

animal husbandry

pottery

metallurgy

wheel

circular ditches

henges

megaliths

Neolithic religion

Boian culture

Cernavodă culture

Coțofeni culture

Cucuteni-Trypillian culture

Dudeşti culture

Gorneşti culture

Gumelniţa–Karanovo culture

Hamangia culture

Linear Pottery culture

Malta Temples

Petreşti culture

Sesklo culture

Tisza culture

Tiszapolgár culture

Usatovo culture

Varna culture

Vinča culture

Vučedol culture

Neolithic Transylvania

Neolithic Southeastern Europe

Southeastern European Bronze Age

Prehistoric Balkans

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-Europeans

Germanic substrate hypothesis

Vasconic languages

Vinca script

Pelasgians

Minoans

Leleges

Iberians

Etruscans

Basques

Sicans

Elymians

Hurrians

Urartians

Neolittisk tid – Sørvest Asia

Fertile crescent

Levantine corridor

Neolithic

Heavy Neolithic

Shepherd Neolithic

Trihedral Neolithic

Pre-Pottery Neolithic

Neolithic Revolution

Domestication

Pottery Neolithic

Pottery

farming

animal husbandry

pottery

metallurgy

wheel

Neolithic religion

Neolittiske kulturer – Sørvest Asia

Qaraoun culture

Tahunian culture

Yarmukian Culture

Halaf culture

Ubaid culture

Uruk culture

Byblos

Jericho

Tell Aswad

Çatalhöyük

Jarmo

Neolittisk tid – Europa

Old European culture

Neolithic Southeastern Europe

Neolithic Transylvania

Southeastern European Bronze Age

Tidlig neolittiske kulturer i Europa

Franchthi Cave (20th to 3rd millennium) Greece. First European Neolithic site.

Sesklo culture (7th millennium) Greece.

Starcevo-Criş culture (Starčevo I, Körös, Criş, Central Balkans, 7th to 5th millennia)

Dudeşti culture (6th millennium)

Mellom-neolittiske kulturer i Europa

Vinča culture (6th to 3rd millennia)

Linear Ceramic culture (6th to 5th millennia)

Cardium Pottery Culture

Comb Ceramic culture (6th to 3rd millennia)

Precucuteni culture

Ertebølle culture (5th to 3rd millennia)

Cortaillod culture

Hembury culture

Windmill Hill culture

Pfyn culture

Corded Ware culture

Horgen culture

Eneolittiske kulturer i Europa

Cucuteni-Trypillian culture (5th millennium)

Lengyel culture (5th millennium)

A culture in Central Europe produced monumental arrangements of circular ditches between 4800 BC and 4600 BC.

Varna culture (5th millennium)

Funnelbeaker culture (4th millennium)

Gaudo Culture (3rd millennium, early Bronze Age, in Italian)

Beaker culture (3rd to 2nd millennia, early Bronze Age)

Stonehenge

Skara Brae

Boian culture

Cernavodă culture

Chasséen

Cortaillod

Coțofeni

Decea Mureşului

Dudeşti culture

Gorneşti culture

Hamangia culture

Karanovo

Malta Temples

Narva

Petreşti

Pitted Ware

Rössen

Seine-Oise-Marne

Tisza culture

Tiszapolgár culture

Usatovo culture

Windmill Hill

Wartberg

Proto-indoeuropeere

Proto-Indo-European language

Proto-Indo-Europeans

Pre-indoeuropeere

Pre-Indo-European languages

Germanic substrate hypothesis

Vasconic languages

Pelasgians

Minoans

Leleges

Iberians

Etruscans

Basques

Sicans

Elymians

Hurrians

Urartians

File:Europe20000ya.png

Gravetti kulturens utstrekning

File:Clines.png

Spredning av jordbruket til Europa:

A new paper in Science solidifies the case for migration as the cause for the diffusion of agriculture in Europe. Discontinuity between early Neolithic farmers and Mesolithic foragers in Central Europe had provided strong hints about this discontinuity, and these were confirmed by other ancient European DNA, e.g., from Treilles, or the Tyrolean Iceman. The case now appears irrefutable, that people not ideas were involved in the spread farming to the northern fringes of Europe.

– 18kyr (16kyr BC) – Maximum Extent of Last Ice Age

– 12kyr (10kyr BC) ice has retreated start of new colonisation of Europe from the 3 resistance pockets : I from Balkans, R1A from the north of Black Sea

– 10kyr (8kyr BC) – End of Last Ice Age. Regarding R1B I see 2 theories. 1) R1B spread from resistance pocket in Spain. 2) R1B appeared much later coming from north of Iran, Spain resistance pocket associated by Maciamo/Eupedia with smaller La Almagra Culture, much smaller E-M81 population which was not big enough to spread North.

– 8kyr (6kyr BC) same climate as today – arrival of neolithic J2 farmers from Middle east in the Balkans

– 7kyr (5kyr BC) Cucuteni Culture and Vinca Culture / Script

– 5500BC most of Europa was I haplogroup! R1A was only in the North of Black Sea while R1B was still in Asia. The neolithical farmers from Middle East E-V13 and J2 had at that time significant influence in Balkans but genetically, ethnically I was still predominant in the Balkans also. Magna Italy (Printed Cardium Pottery Culture) and Magna Dacia (Thessalian Neolithic Culture) have same I2 origin. J2 migrators were small in numbers compared to original I2 populations in the Balkans, J2 had technical and cultural influence but were absorbed by I2

– 4000-3500BC – most of Europe is still I, but R1a is entering Europe through Moldavia, coming round south by the Black Sea. R1a preparing to enter in the Balkans from Turkey.

– 2800-2500BC – R1a is pushing west in Central Europe while R1b is entering Europe thorugh the Balkans. Most Western Europe is covered by Megalithic Cultures with I populations.

– 2500-2000 – Conquest of Western Europe by R1b! Corded Ware Culture in North Germany, Poland, Ukrajna and Russia – R1a

  Det gamle Europa:

12500BC_s.JPG (59546 bytes)

6000BC_EuxineLake__s.JPG (34760 bytes)

File:Neolithic expansion.svg

mapnkar_4631

mapagri

map350px-Old_Europe

File:Cardial map.png

j2 migration

https://i0.wp.com/www.sciencemag.org/content/312/5782/1875b/F1.large.jpg

Graphic: Expansion of crop cultivation and dairy farming during the Neolithic period

https://i1.wp.com/img189.imageshack.us/img189/1108/europehistoricalmap.jpg

Flirting with civilization

File:Neolítico en Europa.png

 File:European-middle-neolithic-en.svg

Europe in ca. 4500-4000 BC

File:European-late-neolithic-english.svg

Europe in ca. 4000-3500 BC

Map of early Neolithic cultures in Europe - Eupedia

Map of Neolithic cultures in Europe from approximately 5,500 to 6,000 years ago

Map of late Neolithic cultures in Europe - Eupedia

Map of late Neolithic and early Bronze Age cultures in Europe from approximately 5,000 to 4,500 years ago

Map of early Bronze Age cultures in Europe - Eupedia

Map of early to middle Bronze Age cultures in Europe from approximately 4,500 to 4,000 years ago

Map of middle Bronze Age cultures in Europe from approximately 4,000 to 3,500 years ago

Haplogrupper:

File:Haplogroup I.png

Haplogroup I-M170

File:Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA).PNG

Haplogroup R1b

Haplogroup G

File:HgE1b1b1a2.png

E-M78

[image]

File:HaploJ2.png

Haplogroup J-M172

Haplogroup J

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