Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

Canaan (Semittes)

Ebla

Mari

Phoenicians

Ugarite

Tyre

Amorites

Carthage

Sea People

Hebrews

Levant:

Ebla:

The Royal Palace of King Aghrish, Ebla

File:Ebla ziggurat.jpg

Translation of a list of Sumerian charachtars on Clay, The Royal Palace, Ebla

Mari:

File:Ebish-Il Louvre AO17551.jpg

File:The ancient city of Mari.jpg

Amorites:

Click to View

Click to View

Phoenicians:

he Phoenicians were the direct descendents of the Canaanites of the south Syrian and Lebanese coast who, at the end of the second millennium BC, became isolated by population and political changes in the regions surrounding them. The name derives from the Greek, Phoinikes, referring to the purple coloured dye which the Phoenicians extracted from the murex shell, and with which they produced highly prized textiles.

The major Phoenician cities were Tyre, Sidon, Byblos and Arwad. These cities represented a confederation of fiercely independent maritime traders. By the late eighth century BC, the Phoenicians had founded trading posts and colonies around the entire Mediterranean, the greatest of which was Carthage on the north coast of Africa (present day Tunisia). Explorers and traders from Carthage even ventured beyond the Straits of Gibraltar as far as Britain in search of tin.

Phoenician craftsmen and artists perpetuated the purest ideals of their Canaanite ancestors into the first millennium and transmitted them throughout the Mediterranean world. They were extremely skilled in metalworking, ivory carving, jewellery manufacture and glass-making. One of the most significant contributions of the Phoenicians was in developing the alphabet invented by the Canaanites and passing it to the Greeks: it is the same alphabet we use today.

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0201PhoeniciaPrima.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0204PhoenicianShips.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0232PunicJewelery.jpg

Phoenicians

Phoenician figurines from the Temple of Obelisks at Byblos, Lebanon, Gilded bronze (7th-8th BCE).

Phoenician gold and garnet pendant, circa 8th/6th century b.c.

Phoenician King-- Byblos

Phoenicians bringing gifts for the Persian King--Persepolis relief, 5 century BC

https://i2.wp.com/www.costatropical.net/Almunecar/images/Large/Almunecar_Tributes_Phoenicians.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0206aWarshipsBC.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0206aWarshipsBC.jpg

Phoenician boat at Tyre

the-phoenicians

photo

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0240aPunicPottery.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0239Breastplate.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0235BardoHeads.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0225bTanitTerraCotta.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0224aDrumLadyRing.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0225aTanitTophet.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0226Moloch.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0203PhonicianColonies.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0241MaltaPotWreck.jpg

Map of  Mediterranean world with Phoenician colonies

Map of  Mediterranean world with Greek colonies

Map of  Mediterranean world with Roman Empire

File:PhoenicianTrade.png

File:Griechischen und phönizischen Kolonien.jpg

Ugarite:

, 2ND-1ST MILL.BCE, Baal, God, Bronze, Gods, Gold, Goldwork, Sculpture, Statue, Statuette, Syrian, Ugarit (Ras Shamra)

Baal

 -

 

File:Ugarit 02.jpg

File:Ugarit Corbel.jpg

Abcedary Ugarit

The Ugaritic Alphabet

Tyre:

https://i2.wp.com/www.wikipedy.com/images_p/phoenician.jpg

Carthage:

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0242Coins.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0243AtebanTomb.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0244CarthageDiscoversAmer.jpg

https://i2.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAf0231aBardoPantheonTombstone.jpg

https://i1.wp.com/www.mmdtkw.org/CNAF0228Karthago_Tophet.jpg

Click the image to open in full size.

File:Maison punique byrsa.jpg

File:Tunisie Carthage Ruines 08.JPG

File:Karthago Antoninus-Pius-Thermen.JPG

File:CarthageMap.png

Carthaginian held territory in the early 3rd century BC.

File:Romtrireme.jpg

File:Carthaginianempire.PNG

Sea People:

Hebrews:

Levant 800 BC

 

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