Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

  • Sjur C Papazian

  • FB: Sjur Papazian

  • Recent Posts

  • Categories

  • Armenian Eternal Symbol

  • Forget-me-not

  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

  • Archives

Italo-Celts

Keltere:

File:Ccross.svg

keltisk kors

File:BrigitteCelt.jpg

Brigantia/Brigid

File:Celtic.warriors.garments-replica.jpg

Rekonstruksjon av utstyret til en keltisk kriger

mapmigration-map-tex

map400celtmap

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/Celts_in_Europe.png

Kelternes spredning:

  Gul: Hallstatt territorium 600 f.vt.
 Lysegrønt: Maksimal keltisk ekspansjon, 275 f.vt.
grågrønt: Lusitanian i Iberia hvor keltisk tilstedeværelse er usikker
  Grønt: De 6 keltiske nasjonene, som forble keltiske inn i den moderne perioden
 Mørkegrønt: Områder hvor keltisk forblir talt i dag

File:Hallstatt LaTene.png

Hallstatt og La Tène kulturene:

Gul: Hallstatt territorium (HaC, 800 f.vt.)
Lysegul: Hallstatt inflytelse (HaD, 500 f.vt.)
Grønt: La Tène kulturen (450 f.vt.)
Lysegrønt: La Tène inflytelse (250 f.vt.)

Territoriene til noen av de største keltiske stammene i sen La Tène periode har blitt nevnt

File:Hallstatt culture.png

Hallstatt kulturen

Golasecca kulturen (900-400 f.vt.) sør for Hallstatt kulturen (1200 – 475 f.vt.)

File:UrnfieldCulture.jpg

Urnfield kulturen

File:Celts in III century BC.jpg

Kelternes ekspansjon på 300-tallet f.vt.

maptribesmap

File:Celts in Illyria & Pannonia.png

Keltiske stammer i Sørøst Europa på 100-tallet f.vt. (i lilla)

File:Römische Provinzen im Alpenraum ca 14 n Chr.png

Kart over Alperegionen i det romerske imperiet i år 14

File:Map Gallia Tribes Towns.png

Grensene i Gaul 54 f.vt.

File:Iberia 300BC.svg

Hovedspråk i Iberia, med keltiske språk i beige, omkring 300 f.vt.

File:Gallia cisalpina.jpg

Folkegrupper i Cisalpin Gaul 391-192 f.vt.

Italikere

File:Italian languages.png

Italian languages

File:Italy 400bC en.svg

File:Iron Age Italy.svg

File:Iron Age Italy.png

Etniske grupper på den italienske halvøya 900-400 f.vt.

Kelternes (Gallernes) invasjon og den romerske republikk førte til store endringer

File:Italy-Villanovan-Culture-900BC.png

Villanova kulturen 900 f.vt.

File:Osco diffusione.gif

Oskansk språk på 500-tallet f.vt.

File:Latium -5th Century map-en.svg

Folk i det sentrale Italia på 500-tallet f.vt.

File:Tribes of Sicily by 11th century BC.png

Stammer på Sicilia på 1100-tallet f.vt.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

 
%d bloggers like this: