Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

  • Archives

Archive for the ‘South West Asia’ Category

Turkey Vows Action to Defend Tomb in Syria From Al-Qaeda

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on March 26, 2014

Syria’s Christians face new threat — “convert, submit to Islam or face sword”

War in the Fertile Crescent

The Historic Scale of Syria’s Refugee Crisis

The Historic Scale of Syria’s Refugee Crisis

Rebels in Kessab

Attacks on Armenian city of Kesab, Syria, via Turkey

ANCA urges U.S. for action on Kessab, Karabakh ready to welcome refugees

Two Thousand Kessab Armenians Find Safety in Latakia

Kessab Targeted by Al-Qaeda Front Groups in Cross-Border Attack from Turkey

Kessab: Deep Roots Under Attack

Kessab: Deep Roots amid Fallen Leaves

Save Kessab

Save Kessab: An Urgent Appeal to All Armenian Americans & People of Good Conscience
– Urge the Obama Administration to Stop Turkey’s Support for the Destruction of Kessab, Syria

Over four millennia, Babylonian, Egyptian, Persian, Greek and Roman influences crossed paths in Syria. Today, precious cultural sites from these eras are being damaged as the Syrian civil war takes its toll on the country's cultural heritage. This week, the United Nation's cultural organization UNESCO made fresh reports about damage to Syria's historic sites.

Over four millennia, Hurrian, Sumerian, Aramean, Egyptian, Persian, Greek and Roman influences crossed paths in Syria. Today, precious cultural sites from these eras are being damaged as the Syrian civil war takes its toll on the country’s cultural heritage.

Damage done to the Cathedral of Constantine and Helen

Syrian art smuggled from the midst of civil war to show in London

“Stop the destruction of Syrian cultural heritage!” urges UNESCO Director-General

ht Tammam Matisses La Danse kb 130503 blog Tammam Azzam   The Syrian Museum

The world according to the Syrian artist Tammam Azzam I

AQIM from northern Mali, LIFG from Libya, Muslim Brotherhood from Egypt, and with support from Saudi Arabia, Israel, Qatar, Turkey, and others – all are converging on Syria (in black), and then Iran. Should Syria or Iran, or both fall to Western-backed terrorist brigades, and if the West manages to use Kurds across Turkey and northern Iraq to create a conduit (in red), a path will be cleared into Russia’s restive Caucasus Mountains and onto Moscow itself. 

Nations standing in the way of this horde, including Turkey and Georgia, risk being carved up or drawn into protracted, costly conflict. Other nations at grave risk from Western-backed terrorism include Algeria, Pakistan, and China.

Turkey Vows Action to Defend Tomb in Syria From Al-Qaeda

Global Blitzkrieg: West’s Terror Battalions Eye Russia Next

Syria has been gripped by deadly unrest since 2011. According to reports, the Western powers and their regional allies, especially Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey, are supporting the militants operating inside Syria. Foreign-based militants linked to al-Qaeda terrorist network are using safe houses in southern Turkey to cross into Syria to engage in an insurgency war against government forces.

Christians have been killed in Syria, and many more have fled the country. Christian churches were in Damascus 600 years before the Muslim religion even began but now Christians make up less than 10% of the population. It is almost an identical story to what is happening in Iraq and Afghanistan. Christians fear that if the rebels, who are made up of Muslim extremists take over, they will be persecuted and killed.

Turkey continues its anti-Armenian policy line, with its extreme manifestations observed in the Armenian-populated areas of Syria, in particular, Kessab, the Nagorno Karabakh President’s spokesman told “Through subversive attacks, Turkey tries to drive Armenians out of Syria as well as exterminate the country’s Armenian community,” David Babayan said.

Turkey are funding and letting Al-Qaeda to operate in Syria, but has now pledged military action to defend a tiny enclave inside Syria where a platoon of its troops guards a memorial to an Ottoman forebear who died more than 700 years ago, after reports al-Qaeda threatened an attack.

Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan says no violation of the country’s territory will go unanswered as he seeks to win over voters and battles allegations of corruption against his government ahead of local elections on March 30.

“If a mistake is committed toward Suleyman Shah, then Turkey would do whatever is necessary,” Erdogan told Star television in an interview today. “Our territory is safeguarded under international agreements. Any attack on our territory will amount to an attack on Turkey.”

The US as the Chief Architect of the Syrian Crisis

Attacks on the Armenian Nation – and Recognition

Water Wars: Land snatched from Syria supplies third of Israel’s H2O

The Yazidis and the Conflict in Syria

The Kurds in Syria

Circassians in Syria

Norske tekster:

Situasjonen i Syria

ALARM: Pågående folkemord mot kristne i Syria

En ny «kald krig» – Syria?

60 Minutes: «Christians of the Holy Land»

KAIROS-dokumentet: «Okkupasjonen er en synd mot Gud»


Save Iraqi Christians

Hva skjer med Iraks kristne?

De kristne i Irak trenger deg nå!

Nok er nok – Fred mellom folkene NÅ!

Kamp for land i Sørvest Asia


Posted in South West Asia, Syria, War | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Vestasiatiske land

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on October 19, 2007

Posted in South West Asia | Leave a Comment »

Eurasia – Afrika

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on October 17, 2007

  • Vest Asia
  • Byer
  • Mesopotamia
  • Mesopotamske figurer
  • Kaukasus
  • Kaukasiske kulturer
  • Kaukasiske språk
  • Kaukasiske figurer
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  • Armenske figurer
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  • Arabia
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  • Diverse guder
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  • Afrika
  • Afrikanske land
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  • Afrikansk mytologi

Posted in Africa, South West Asia | Leave a Comment »


Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on October 17, 2007

Posted in South West Asia | Leave a Comment »

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