Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

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The Frog

Lajjā Gaurī is a lotus-headed Hindu Goddess associated with abundance, fertility and sexuality, sometimes euphemistically described as Lajja (“modesty”). She is sometimes shown in a birthing posture, but without outward signs of pregnancy.

Early depictions of Lajja Gauri in Shaktism cults were found in the Indus Valley seals, though her later depiction dates to the 1st-3rd centuries, and her worship is prevalent in the Deccan, a region of the Indian subcontinent.

The Goddess Lajja Gauri: Origins: On the Footsteps of the Universal Goddess of Sexuality is a book supported by about 530 illustrations by Max Le Martin. He takes a fresh look on the museum antique pieces to follow the footsteps of the fertility goddess Lajja Gauri from the first centuries ac. until the earliest Prehistoric testimonies.

The complete design of the goddess in Lajja Gauri attitude, her symbol ?M+V? and the swastika appear at Mezin, Ukraine, towards 10.000 BC. The migration of these symbols from the Black Sea cultures will reach all the Ancient World: Prehistoric Egypt, Neolithic Western China, Near East, Indus valley and Western Europe, until Easter island.

Sheela na gigs are figurative carvings of naked women displaying an exaggerated vulva. They are architectural grotesques found all over Europe on cathedrals, castles, and other buildings. The highest concentrations can be found in Ireland, Great Britain, France and Spain, sometimes together with male figures. Ireland has the greatest number of surviving sheela na gig carvings.

The theories of the author, illustrated by his interpretation of the antique pieces, bring a fresh reading on many topics of history of ancient civilizations and on the iconographic origin of the universal goddess of sexuality.

Baubo is an old woman in Greek mythology which appears particularly in the myths of the early Orphic religion. Known as the Goddess of Mirth, she was bawdy and sexually liberated, and is said to have jested with Demeter, when Demeter was mourning the loss of her daughter, Persephone.

Figurines known as Baubos are found in a number of settings, usually with Greek connections. They were mass-produced in a number of styles, but the basic figure always exposes the vulva in some way.

Dilukai (or dilukái or dilugai) are wooden figures of young women carved over the doorways of chiefs’ houses (bai) in the Palauan archipelago. They are typically shown with legs splayed, revealing a large, black, triangular pubic area with the hands resting on the thighs.

These female figures protect the villagers’ health and crops and ward off evil spirits. They were traditionally carved by ritual specialists according to strict rules, which, if broken, would result in the deaths of the carver and the chief. Female figures presenting their vulva can be found in many cultures: they symbolize fertility, (spiritual) rebirth, and they protect from evil.

Nin-imma is a Sumerian, Babylonian, and Akkadian fertility goddess and deification of the female sex organs. Her parents are Enki and Ninkurra. Etymology Her name derives from the Sumerian words nin – goddess, and imma – water that created everything.

Animal Symbolism of the Frog

Vagina and vulva in art

Lajja Gauri


Sheela na Gig



Cailleach – Wikipedia



Trivia (mythology)






Armenian Highland, 10th mill. BC


Poland, 9th mill. BC



Lepenski Vir, Belgrade


Bulgaria, 7000-5000 BC


Macedonia (4600-4500 BC)


Romania, 6000 BC


Cucuteni culture (5000 BC)



Turdaș–Vinča culture ( 5500–4500 BC)


Susa, 3rd mill. BC



Mesopotamia, 3000-2500 BC


Croatia, 3rd mill. BC


Cypriot seal, 1400-1150 BC


Etruscan, ca 550 BC


Lorestan, 1250-650 BC


BMAC (3000-2000 BC)

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Lajja Gauri, Katmandu Durbar square


India, kashmir (200 AD)


Indus Valley seal


The triangle-shaped female forms shown in petroglyphs at Qutubi in north central Xinjiang, Western China, resemble figures found at far-distant sites, including in Eastern Europe.


Carved Jade, Hongshan culture (4700-2900 BC)





Majiayao Culture, Machang Phase, China (2300–2000 BC)




Australia, Neolithic


Colombia, 1st mill. AD


Dilukai from the Caroline Islands, Belau (Palau), (1900-2000 AD)


Sheela na gig, Herefordshire, England (1200 AD)

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