Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

  • Sjur C Papazian

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

  • Archives

Germans

Germanere

Folkevandring

Dagens situasjon

Språk

Haplogrupper

Germanere:

File:Ancient German Family.jpg

File:U 112, Ed (side A).JPG

Runestone U 112

File:Barbare à cheval.jpg

File:Solvogn.jpg

The Trundholm sun chariot, from the late Nordic Bronze Age.

File:Dejbjerg wagon, Nationalmuseet Copenhagen.jpg

The Dejbjerg wagon

File:Wodan heilt Balders Pferd by Emil Doepler.jpg

Scene fra en av Merseburg Incantations: Gudene Odin og Balder står forran guddinnene Sunna, Sinthgunt, Volla og Frøya

(Emil Doepler, 1905)

File:Hjalmars avsked av Orvar Odd efter striden på Samsö.jpg

Hjalmars avskjed med Orvar Odd etter striden på Samsö

File:Haljesta.jpg

Bronsealder hellerissning fra Häljesta, Vestmandland, Sverige

File:Badekunda stone ship.jpeg

Steinskip ved Anund‘s barrow

The Oseberg Viking Longship in the Museum of Oslo

File:Widukind-Herfod.jpg

Statue of the Saxons leader Widukind, who fought for Saxon independence against Charlemagne, in Herford, Kreis Herford, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany.

File:Statue d'Alfred le Grand à Winchester.jpg

Alfred den store

Folkevandring:

File:Nordic Bronze Age.png

Nordisk bronsealder – 1200 f.vt.

File:Pre-roman iron age (map).PNG

Preromersk jernalder 500-50 f.vt.

File:Germanic tribes (750BC-1AD).png

De germanske stammenes ekspansjon i perioden 750 f.vt. til år 1
Rød: Bosettinger før 750 BC
Orange: Nye bosettinger etter 750 BC og frem til år 1
Gul: Nye bosettinger frem til år 100
Grønn: Nye bosettinger etter år 100

File:Pre Migration Age Germanic.png

File:GermanenAD50.png

Germanske stammer år 50

maproman_empire

File:Imperium Romanum Germania.png

Situasjonen på 200-tallet

By the 3rd century AD they had migrated as far south as the lower Danube, around the Black Sea. During that century Gothic armies and fleets ravaged Thrace, Dacia, and cities in Asia Minor and along the Aegean coast. They captured and plundered Athens in 267 to 268, and threatened Italy. For about a century, wars between the Roman emperors and Gothic rulers devastated the Balkan territory and the northeastern Mediterranean region. Other tribes joined the Goths, and under the great king Ermanaric in the 4th century, a kingdom was established that extended from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea.

mapigration3rd_cent

File:Karte völkerwanderung.jpg

Folkevandringen 2nd century to 5th century

https://i1.wp.com/academic.udayton.edu/williamschuerman/Germanic_Migrations.jpg

https://i0.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/Roman_Empire_125.png

Folkevandringen

The Germanic invasions of Britain

Germanic Kingdoms and Later Germanic Migrations 450-535

File:450 roman-hunnic-empire 1764x1116.jpg

Det romerske og det hunnisk imperiumet i år 450

File:Central Europe 5th Century.jpg

Central Europe 5th Century

Europeiske stammer på 500-tallet f.vt.

File:Germanic kingdoms 526CE.png

Det østromerske imperium og de omkringliggende germanske kongedømmene i år 526

Dagens situasjon:

File:Germanic Groups ca. 0CE.jpg

Språk:

Haplogrupper

Dosya:Distribution Haplogroup R1b Y-DNA.svg

Haplogruppe R1b

Haplogruppe I2a

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