Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

Turkish minister: Muslims discovered the Earth is round

Posted by Fredsvenn on December 2, 2014


Babylonian World Map, British Museum, London


As/Ar – Assyria/Armenia

Aratta (Sumerian) – Uratri (Hurri-Urartian) – Urartu/Ararat (Assyrian) – Urashtu (Babylonian) – Armenia (Persian)


Asha/Arta is the Avestan and Vedic language term for a concept of cardinal importance to Zoroastrian theology and doctrine. In the moral sphere, aša/arta represents what has been called “the decisive confessional concept of Zoroastrianism.” The opposite of Avestan aša is druj, “lie.”

Thutmose III of Egypt:

Mention the people of Ermenen, and says in their land

“Heaven rests upon its four pillars”

It has been suggested by early 20th century Armenologists that Old Persian Armina and the Greek Armenoi are continuations of an Assyrian toponym Armânum or Armanî.

There are certain Bronze Age records identified with the toponym in both Mesopotamian and Egyptian sources. The earliest is from an inscription which mentions Armânum together with Ibla (Ebla) as territories conquered by Naram-Sin of Akkad in ca. 2250 BC.

Another mention by pharaoh Thutmose III of Egypt in the 33rd year of his reign (1446 BC) as the people of Ermenen, and says in their land “heaven rests upon its four pillars”.

The name has also been claimed as a variant of Urmani (or Urmenu), attested epigraphically in an inscription of Menuas of Urartu.

Minni (מנּי) is also a Biblical name of the region, appearing in Jeremiah (Jeremiah 51:27) alongside Ararat and Ashchenaz, probably the same as the Minnai of Assyrian inscriptions, corresponding to the Mannai. Armenia is interpreted by some as ḪARMinni, that is, “the mountainous region of the Minni”.

The name is connected to the Indo-European root Ar- meaning “assemble/create” which is vastly used in names of or regarding the Sun, light, or fire, found in Ararat, Aryan, Arta etc.


For thousands of years the earth was thought to be anything but a sphere by ancient people. The Mesopotamians and Egyptians saw the earth as being flat, as did the earliest Greeks. It was the Greeks, however, that changed the view of the earth and set forth a series of theories that proved the earth was round.

The concept of a spherical Earth dates back to ancient Greek philosophy from around the 6th century BC, but remained a matter of philosophical speculation until the 3rd century BC, when Hellenistic astronomy established the spherical shape of the earth as a physical given.

The paradigm was gradually adopted throughout the Old World during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. A practical demonstration of Earth’s sphericity was achieved by Ferdinand Magellan and Juan Sebastián Elcano’s expedition’s circumnavigation (1519−1522).

Flat Earth

Spherical Earth

Ancient Astronomy

History of the Round Earth Theory

The Bible: A Glimpse Into Mesopotamian Cosmology

Arutz Sheva, the Turkish Science Minister, has become the latest public figure to make outrageous claims over Islam’s hand in science and technology, theHurriyet Daily News reported Friday – this time, claiming that Muslims discovered that the world is round.

“Some 700-800 years before Galileo, 71 Muslim scientists led by al-Khwarizmi convened by the order of the Caliph Al-Ma’mun and revealed that the Earth is a sphere,” Minister Fikri Işık stated on Thursday.

Işık further claimed that a copy of the original document proving Islam’s role in astronomy is currently in the Museum of Islamic Science and Technology in Istanbul.

Turkish Minister: Muslims Discovered the Earth is Round

Other “Turkish” inventions:

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