Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

  • Archives

Iran 2

map War-in-Iran

map iran-1

Zarathustra

Kart – 1200-tallet f.vt.

Det mediske imperium

Kyrus den store

Kyros-sylinderen

Bisotun innskriften

Akamenide-dynastiet

Darius

Persepolis

Aleksander den store

Selevkid-dynastiet

Parterriket

Sassanide-dynastiet

Iran

Irak – Iran

Marjane Satrapi – Persiapolis

Indo-iranere:

 Zarathustra:

Iran:

king_horsel

Epoker:

Medernes imperium

Akamenide-dynastiet

Selevkid-dynastiet

Parterriket

Sasanide-dynastiet

Ziyarid-dynastiet

Samanid-dynastiet

Buwayhid-dynastiet

Ghaznavid-imperiet

Seldsjukkene

Khwarezmid-imperiet

Ilkhanate

Muzaffarid-dynastiet

Timurid-dynastiet

Safavid-dynastiet

Afsharid-dynastiet

Zand-dynastiet

Qajar-dynastiet

Pahlavi-dynastiet

Den iranske revolusjon

Den islamske republikk Iran

Naqsh-e Rustam:

king Valerineandshapour-vi

king naghshe_roastaml

File:20101229 Naqsh e Rostam Shiraz Iran more Panoramic.jpg

Det mediske imperium:

File:Median Empire.jpg

Kyrus den store:

File:Persia-Cyrus2-World3.png

File:Cyrus II le Grand et les Hébreux.jpg

File:Illustrerad Verldshistoria band I Ill 058.jpg

king cyor

File:Kroisos stake Louvre G197.jpg

File:Pasargades cyrus cropped.jpg

Pasargadae – graven til Kyrus den store

Kyros-sylinderen:

File:Cyrus Cylinder front.jpg

king kourosh_tablet

king cyrus-cylinder-text

File:Cyrus cylinder Mesopotamia.svg

Bisotun innskriften:

https://i2.wp.com/www.livius.org/a/iran/behistun/relief3.JPG

Akamenide-dynastiet:

Darius I den store:

Fight Of King Darius the great & devil - Tehran, Tehran

map Lion-Frieze-from-the-Palace-of-Darius-I-mid

map Darius_relief

File:Map Greco-Persian Wars-en.svg

File:The tomb of Darius I.jpg

Persepolis:

File:Sonnenuntergang in Perspolis.jpg

map persepolis_Shiraz--large-msg

File:Tachar Persepolis Iran.JPG

File:Nowruz Zoroastrian.jpg

File:PersepolisPanorama2007.jpg

File:20101229 Top panoramic view of Persepolis Iran.jpg

File:Persepolis The Persian Soldiers.jpg

File:SEHDAR PALACE IN PERSEPOLIS.tif

File:Persepolis stairs of the Apadana relief.jpg

File:Persepolis 24.11.2009 11-18-45.jpg

File:Persepolis recreated.jpg

map persepolis9

Aleksander den store:

Selevkid-dynastiet:

Parterriket:

Sassanide-dynastiet:

https://i2.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/58/Sassanid_empire_map.png

The Persian Sassanid Empire 226-651 AD

A rock relief at Naqsh-e Rostam, depicting the triumph of
Shapur I over the Roman Emperor Valerian, and Philip the Arabian

The Persian Sassanid and Eastern Roman Empires 531-565

map IranCrowd6

map IranCrowd5

map WomanFaravaharArtist

 

Scene fra den persiske mytologien Apadana – Angra Mainyu dreper uroksen, viss sæd blir reddet av Mah, månen,
som en kilde for alle de andre dyrene.

Iran:

https://i1.wp.com/upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/a7/Indo-iranian_languages.PNG

Irak – Iran:

iran maps-irn

impeachNeo-Letter

Marjane Satrapi – Persiapolis:

map Persepolis-Satrapi-creation

map persepolis

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