Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

  • Archives

Artsakh and Nakhchivan











Royal Standard of the Principality of Khachen (Kingdom of Artsakh) during the reign of Grand Prince Asan Jalal Vahtangian.

Bas-relief of the Lion—a symbol of the Vahtangian princes of Artsakh, Armenia’s 10th historical province.

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Some of the excavations underway in Tigranakert.

Protectors of the holy shrine of St. John the Baptist:

Armenian commanders of the Principality of Khachen’s royal cavalry who defended Gandzasar, fighting against Seljuk Turkish and Mongol invaders in the 12th and 13th centuries. Funerary bas-reliefs at Koshik Hermitage and Gandzasar’s military cemetery.

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Gandzasar Monastery

The Mongol Khan Hulagu (reigned from 1217-1265), the ill-famed “butcher of Baghdad”, with his Christian wife Dokuz. Miniature from Rachid Ad-Din’s History of the world, 14th century. Gandzasar’s patron Hasan Jalal Vahtangian, Lord of Khachen, both fought against and cooperated with Hulagu.

(13th c.).

banksSaint Thaddeus MonasteryMap_of_Qara_Kelisa












The young people of Armenia and Azerbaijan are calling to bring to naught all differences between the two neighbouring countries and to settle the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

They are organizing joint actions and are writing songs about friendship. However, for the time being neither the residents of Nagorno-Karabakh nor its authorities are ready for a compromise.

The ‘Together’ song appeared in the global network on Youtube after the latest armed clashes on the Armenian-Azeri border.

This song was sung by Mger from Armenia, Leila Mammadova from Azerbaijan, and Aik Gulyan from Karabakh. The “Together” song is in Russian because Russian is a go-between language in the Caucasus Region. The languages of the Caucasus and English are used in the refrains. All this is done to draw the three sides closer together, the curator of the project “Together” in Armenia Gayane Sarkisyan says.

“This song has enabled designers, musicians, poets and photographers to communicate with their colleagues on the other side of the border and to change their attitude to existing problems. This song will have its own fate. It is being broadcast on the radio now.

Young musicians, poets, designers, PR-specialists and photographers in Azerbaijan, Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh united their efforts last October to step up the dialogue between the conflicting sides. They formed the movement – “Together”, aiming to bring the idea of peace to everyone.

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