Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

  • Archives

Armenia – Christianity

Churches

– Grigor Lusavorich

Khor Virap

Echmiadzin

Tetev

Haghartsin

St. Thaddeus

Dadivank

Hagbat

– Azat kløgt – Geghard

Geghard

Geghard

Karapet – Noravank

– St. Astvatsatsin – Noravank

Ashtarak

– Hripsime

-Gayane

– Varak

– Akdamar

S. Astvatsatsin – Noravank

Zvartnots

– Holy Trinity Cathedral (Zvartnots replika)

Priest 

Icons

File:Ejmiadzin Cathedral2.jpg

Etchmiadzin Cathedral in Armenia, completed in 303 AD, UNESCO World Heritage Site, religious centre of the world’s oldest Christian state.

Kirker:

anunaki van_01

Grigor Lusavorich:

church3

church2917_fa9b11b187

Yerevan_Surb_Grigor

yerevan_grigor_lusavorich

axunik_1

Khor Virap:

az  monastery of Khor Virap

az Khor Virap Monastery

az Khor Virap Monastery2

az Khor Virap Monastery1

az Khor Virap Monastery4

az  monastery of Khor Virap1

az Khor Virap Monasteryæ

Echmiadzin:

zvart4936_Custom

az church-echmiadzin-500

az Echmiadzin

zvart4947_Custom

az Echmiadzin1

az Echmiadzin5

az Echmiadzin3

azArmenia Echmiadzin ceiling

az Echmiadzin2

zvart49_Custom

echmiadzin_khachkar_1279

Tetev:

Tatev_Monastery,_Armenia

azArmenia_tatev-monastery

tatevm

kirker

Haghartsin:

Haghartsin_1

Haghartsin_monastery-dcp4210

hagartz

haghartsin1

haghartzin

 

Haghartsin_6

Haghartsin_10

Haghartsin_snow-dcp8159

madonna

hagart

 

St. Thaddeus:

banks Saint Thaddeus MonasteryNorthwestthaddesiran

banksySaint Thaddeus Monastery

banks Saint Thaddeus MonasteryInterieur_qara_kelisa_iran

banks Saint Thaddeus MonasteryDetail_croix_qara_kelisa_iran

Dadivank:

banks Dadivank Monastery, 800px-Dadil

banks Dadivank Monastery,

Dadivank_portal-dcp4095

Hagbat:

az armenia23

az armenia23

az armenia26

az Hagbat armenia24

kirke haghbat

Azat kløft – Geghard:

az Armenia_azat_gorge

Geghard:

kirkArmenia (24)

 

az monastery-geghard-01-500

az monastery-geghard-03-500

az church armenia86

az church armenia88

az church armenia90

az armenia87

az armenia85

Etchmiadzine

Geghard:

az Armenia_Geghard3

az Geghard'3

az Geghard Monastery,

az monastery-geghard-04-500

az Geghard Monastery1

az Geghard'1

az Geghard'1

az gerhard

Karapet – Noravank:

az St. Karapet Monastery

az St. Karapet Church

kara St. Karapet Church

karapet and Child, St Karapet Church

Noravank-Karapet-facade-IMG_2016

St. Astvatsatsin – Noravank:

az Noravank_with_cliffs-DCP_0186

Noravank, Armenia.

Noravank.

norvank

az Noravank

az Noravank-astvatsatsin-IMG_2015

az Noravank 1

az Noravank-astvatsatin-facade-details-IMG_2037

az Noravank-stairs-P5220152

az Haghartsin

noravankAshtarak:

az Ashtarak

az Ashtarak5

az Ashtarak1

az Ashtarak2

az Ashtarak3

az Ashtarak6

Hripsime:

hripsime

az Hripsime

az Hripsime1

az Hripsime4

Gayane:

gayane_4919_Custom

 

gayane

gayane2

gayane4921_Custom

Varak:

az Front View of St Cross Monastery of Varak in Van

Akdamar:

az van1

az 800px-Akhtamar_Island_on_Lake_Van_with_the_Armenian_Cathedral_of_the_Holy_Cross

az van 3

az lAkhtamarake_van06

az van

az van3

az van4

az lAkhtamarake_van05

az lAkhtamarake_van07

az van6

az van 5

Zvartnots:

zvartnots-by_uy

zvartnots

zvartnots7

zvart004_Custom

Zvartnots_img_6967

youarehere..1202494380.zvart-eagle

youarehere..1202494380.zvartnots

youarehere..1202494380.zvartnots-column

zvart_Custom

Holy Trinity Cathedral (Zvartnots replika):

Malatia-Sebastia,_Yerevan,_Armenia

Malatia-Sebastia_district,_Yerevan,_Armenia

Prester:

kirkabc-at-armenia-memorial

katholikos-and-patriarchs

ataturk0C3

kirkabc-at-armenia-memorial

Karekin I Photo0001

archbishop-pargev-martirosyan-nagorno-karabakh

garegin-ii-katholikos-of-all-armenians

https://aratta.files.wordpress.com/2013/01/pic2.jpg?w=277

holy-mass-at-gandzasar-cathedral-nagorno-karabakh-service

Ikoner:

kirkbartholomew2

armenSt.Gregory.3

ara jesus_christ

kirkStgregoryilluminator

az-dated1232

azniature-minia2

azre-minia1

azure-bible1318matenadaran

kirkArmeniaSacra

azaspurakan1319-1320-1

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