Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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På vippepunktet

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on December 23, 2016

Ut fra dagens situasjon skulle man tro at menneskene er ekstremt lite tilpasningsdyktige, men målinger vitner om noe annet. Saken er at en liten gruppe mektige mennesker med rikdom og nettverk har tilpasset menneskene sine egne særinteresser – mennesker har blitt en vare man kan kjøpe og selge.

Det er kortvarige profittinteresser som teller og menneskene skal hverken tenke individuelt eller være kritiske. Ettersom de aller fleste mennesker på grunn av fremmedgjøring godtar dette ser det ut til at vi er den første arten som kommer til å utrydde oss selv – nettopp på grunn av at vår sterke side har blitt benyttet mot oss selv.

Vi mennesker er så selvgode at vi tror vi er unnværlige. Og mye er det vi har utviklet – av både godt og vondt. Vi er lik et barn som har forlatt vår symbiose med mor og far. Kanskje er vi på ungdomsstadiet – rebelske og umodne som vi. Kanskje vi må gå inn i voksenalder hvor vi på nytt lever i pakt med vår mor og far – utvikle en ny gullalder hvor vi lever i fred med hverandre og med resten av naturen.

Tenk om hele verdener venter på at vi skal klare det neste trinn i utviklingen av vår sivilisasjon – det å utvikle oss til en fredelig sivilisasjon bygget på rettferdighet, frihet, fred og bærekraft. Tenk om det finnes sivilisasjoner der ute som ikke ønsker å inkludere oss før vi har utviklet en slik sivilisasjon og er modne til å bli inkludert i dette brorskapet av sivilisasjoner.

Spørsmålet da er om vi noen sinne vil klare det. Vi er nå i ferd med å utrydde oss selv. Mennesket fortjener så avgjort en sjanse – og det har vi jo også fått. Kanskje er det mange sivilisasjoner som har gjort dette før oss. Som ikke har klart å skape en bærekraftig sivilisasjon og som derfor har utryddet seg selv.

Det vi trener er en transformasjon av hele vår sivilisasjon og kanskje dagens teknologiske utvikling vil gjøre det mulig for oss. Men samtidig trenger vi å utvikle oss spirituelt slik at vi blir i stand til å ta de riktige valgene. Klarer ikke vi det vil kanskje en ny art klare det om noen millioner år. Men kanskje er det ikke for sent for oss til å klare det – muligheten er ennå her.

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