Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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Gobekli totem stone & Aztec Earth Goddess Coatlicue

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on May 14, 2016

One of the World's oldest known statues*    “Balıklıgöl Statue” in the Urfa Museum is a two-meter high statue of a male which was discovered in Balıklıgöl, Turkey in 1993. The statue is made of limestone and the eyes are carved out of obsidian.:

One of the World’s oldest known statues* “Balıklıgöl Statue” in the Urfa Museum is a two-meter high statue of a male which was discovered in Balıklıgöl, Turkey in 1993. The statue is made of limestone and the eyes are carved out of obsidian.

A head of magnitude greater than normal may have been part of a composite representation type "totem pole" of Nevali Cori (height cm. 23).:

A head of magnitude greater than normal may have been part of a composite representation type “totem pole” of Nevali Cori (height cm. 23).

 

A stone totem excavated at Gobekli Tepe “of a non-human creature evolving into birth of human-like infant.” The top figure holds the head of a human figure, which in turn holds another figure.

There is a precedent for the totem stones giving birth as seen here;


Various views of the anthropomorphic limestone statue from Kilisik, a village near Kahta, Turkey, north of Sanliurfa (Urfa) and Gobekli Tepe. Height 31 inches. Stone totem that has angled arms in this Kilisik sculpture, but that look like snakes, from the side, in the Gobekli Tepe stone statue now housed in the Urfa Museum.

The association of twin serpents with birth giving Goddess’ dates back to at least 11,000 years, going on to be a major motif of Near Eastern art. The differance with the Gobekli Tepe totem is that the woman giving birth, the mid-part of the sculpture, is herself an aspect of the greater figure who thus appears to have the aspect of a birth Goddess, it’s difficult to be certain due to damage, but her head appears to have been that of a serpent.

Hard to see due to damage and wear, but even the figure that is emerging from the mid-point birth could also be giving birth, which would be three births seen in conjunction, giving birth whilst being born….unusual.

Coatlicue (“skirt of snakes”), also known as Teteoh innan (“mother of the gods”)

Some Aspects of Symbolism in Neolithic Turkey

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