Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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The Kurdish Question

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on July 9, 2015

Under the Spainish revolution Franco was a Fascist supported by the Nazis and Mussolinis, not to mention the US and England, while the revolutionaries was divived by two: one part supported by Soviet, another part supported by different intellectuals around the world. When it comes to the Kurds, or at least to PKK, PYD, YPG, YPJ etc it is the last group, the one supported by leftwing intellectuals, who is in comparison.

None of the states want to support an Anarchist movement, which is the best movement because it has all the best intentions and values. Turkey, the Saudis, Israel, the US and the rest of the West have caused the rise of ISIL and see it as a way to gain power in the region. They have no real interests of helping the Kurds fighting ISIL. It will be up to the NATO country Turkey to finish the Kurds of later, and in that way prevent their freedom.

The wise thing in this situation is to stay independent, and that is what Abdullah Öcalan, who understand all this, want us to do. Yes, to help, but not for whatever prize. The Anarchists in Spain are the ones who gain our trust and support today, even if they lost. The Kurds fighting for liberation and justice today represents our hope in the future.

XXX

The Kurdish Question

When it comes to the Kurds we have to look at the bigger geopolitical picture. The Kurds are plenty, but have no land for their own. We have to think about who wants to support whom in the global picture. Some of the nations are stronger than others and some are of more interest than others when it comes to forming international alliances.

The Kurds are suppressed, no doubt, but the same you can say about the Palestinians and Assyrians, if there still are any left. The Armenians were victims of a genocide, but have carved out a piece of land for themself.

The Kurds are split between different fractions and territories; some are in Iran, some in Iraq, Syria and Turkey. You basicially get the Kurds in Iraq, which cooperate with the West and Israel, on one side and the Kurds in Syria and Turkey, which by the West have been declared as terrorists, on the other. This not at least because Turkey is a NATO country, but also because the Kurds in Iraq is put in power by the West.

Israel and Turkey have a close relationship, but they also compete, since Turkey is a Muslim nation and want to support the Muslims. Israel, occupying Palestine, have a different persepective, and see the Muslims as a threat.

The Kurds can cooperate with Israel, but Israel like any other state, will only cooperate with the Kurds if it gain on it. Israel can do this because the Kurds is an enemy of Iran, Iraq, Syria and Turkey, which suppress them.

Israel suppress the Palestinians, and then of course, especially the people of Gaza, as they occupy Palestinian terretories. The Kurdish Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) led by Selahattin Demirtas have denounced Israel attacks on Gaza and blamed world community for remaining silent in face of the assaults.

When it comes to Iran, the country is independent and have it’s own issues or interests. Iran cooperate with the Palestinians, Lebanon, Syria and Iraq. Iran want to develop independent from the West. But Iran also suppress the Kurds.

Armenia cooperate with all the different nations, but struggles with Turkey on the one hand and Azarbaijan on the other. Armenia is both cooperating with the Kurds in Turkey and Syria and with the Palestinians. It would maybe be naturally for Israel and Armenia to cooperate, but it seems like Israel are more fond of cooperating with Turkey than with Armenia.

The Palestinans, suppressed as they are by Israel, are cooperating, if with any, with Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Iran, an area also known as the Shia Crescent. Other Arab countries like most of the countries of the Arabic Peninsula, including Saudi Arabia, cooperate closely with the West and Israel and have never cared very much about the Palestinian issue at all.

When it comes to Syria, the proxy war has been orchestred from the US since the beginning and the plan has been to remove the Assad regime. It has been created a Shia Crescent that is mostly led by an independent Iran and Sunni countries led by Saudi Arabia that is part of the Western influnce in the region.

ISIL, who have been supported by countries like Turkey, which see ISIL as better than the Kurds, and Saudi Arabia have also go support from Israel and the US in their attempt to gain the controll over the region.

The Kurds and other people who is in fight against ISIL today is in the reality confronting much worse and stronger forces. If they win against ISIL they will be confronted with Turkey, who does not, in any way, want to see a strong independent Kurdish state as their neighbour.

Turkey will most truely get the support of the West since the country, together with Saudi Arabia and Israel, is a very important alley. Israel doesn’t want to see any other strong states in the region, but use the Kurdish issue when it finds it fruitful for it self.

The real Kurdish issue would be to continue to be independent as in Syria and Turkey, cooperate with other countries if they have mutual interests and find out how to solve the national state issue.

Kurds might be better of cooperating with its neighbours instead of being in conflict with them, but at the same time stop any suppression of them. The question arises if the national state is such a good idea or if the time have come to move beyond that kind of old types of structures and create something new.

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