Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

  • Sjur C Papazian

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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History, Mythology, Religion, Philosophy, Science

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on June 10, 2015

Portasar (Armenian), also known as Gobekli Tepe (Turkish) in the Armenian Highland is the omphalo of our civilization and represent the place where our civilization was created 12000 years ago.

From Portasar our civilization spread in all directions 7000 BC. The people were Proto-Indoeuropean, and connected to haplogroups like E, G, R1b, J1, and J2. The Urartian (Armenian) culture, also known as the Hurrians, is the nuclear of this civilization, but local variations was being created. However, all of them carried with them, the Neolithic package, our civilization.

We left what we knew as the garden of eden and spread our civilization to Mesopotamia in the south, to Canaan and further to North Africa, including Egypt, in the southwest, to Balkan and Europe in the west, to Caucasus and the Pontic stepes in the north, to China and Southeast Asia in the east, to India and South Asia and to Central Asia and Iran in the southeast.

In Greek, the word omphalos means “navel”. In Greek lore, Zeus sent two eagles across the world to meet at its center, the “navel” of the world. In the ancient world of the Mediterranean, it was a powerful religious symbol.

Portasar, meaning umbilical cord in Armenian, is a channel between the worlds. This cord serves as a portal between the two worlds that form a human. It is connected to the gods Haia, Janus and Portunus – the “door-keeper”, the god of beginnings and transitions, and thereby of gates, doors, doorways, passages and endings – the god of oportunities.

Armenia has a rich culture and history and prides itself as one of the oldest civilizations of the world, dating back to Biblical Noah and his Ark. It is the first nation to adopt Christianity as a state religion in AD 301. Since then, the Armenian people have identified strongly with their Christian faith.

Human Odyssey

Timeline myth religion

Human Odyssey

In the Spring of 2015, the Human Odyssey comes to print. This epic compendium of short stories will focus on the myths and legends of history, re-exploring the epic tales that have defined world culture for thousands of years. Starting with the superstitions of prehistory, this anthology will pass through six key eras of human mythology and beyond:

Stone Age Series: Witness the origin tales of mythology as never seen before, where gods rose from the earth, dragons scourged the lands and shamanic-warriors vied for forbidden knowledge. Learn about the dominion of the Gods, the wonders they created and a catastrophic event that laid waste to their empire.

Bronze Age Series: Revisit the classic myths of antiquity, a world of fallen gods, heroic quests and power crazed kings. Follow tomb raiders who scoured the depths of sunken cities, heroes who battled immortal beasts and a changeling who unlocked the secrets of the underworld.

Iron Age Series: Enter a world of prophetic visions and mechanical talking heads. The gods of the old world may have vanished, but their legacy still endures in the tales of powerful relics and mysterious beings. Those who possessed such artefacts were said to wield great magic, but could they be trusted with such divine power?

Medieval Series: Take a walk on the dark side and enter the realm of the beast. A secret world, hidden from the religious furore of mortals, is now in danger of becoming extinct. Guardians of the arcane (witches, vampires and werewolves) are forced into hiding from a church hell bent on their destruction. Can the heathens of the middle ages protect the secrets of the old world, or will they burn trying?

Early Modern Series: Explore lost cities and forgotten continents in an age of science and discovery. Behold the terrifying blood cult of the Inca’s, flying mystics from the east and the summoning of old and powerful beings. This is a world haunted by secret societies, demonic sorcery and immortals with a taste for blood.

Scientific Series: Technology meets Mythology in this final series as the Human Odyssey reaches its ultimate climax. Follow the techno-wizards of the new age as they try to unlock the secrets of our mythical past. Discover who the gods really were, where they came from and what their plans were for the human race. Will humanity rise to the challenge of their legacy, or will the final myth – a prophecy of absolute annihilation – come of age?

If you want to know more about my forthcoming books, website and research notes, feel free to follow my email list via this link

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