Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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My trip to Yerevan, Armenia

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on April 30, 2015

My dear friends

I really enjoyed being in Yerevan, Armenia, these days, and I participated on the System of a Down concert the 23th and in the genocide events the 24th, but also did other stuff while being in Yerevan, and I did take some pictures:


Yerevan Cascade

From the Kievian Bridge in Yerevan, Armenia

Concert at Komitas Museum in Yerevan

Komitas Pantheon, Yerevan, Armenia

The Armenian Zodiac, Kino Moskva, Yerevan, Armenia

Erebuni (Yerevan), Armenia

Shengavit, the type site of the Kura Araxes culture

Armenians from around the world have been taking part in public memorial services, to commemorate the 1915 massacre of up to 1.5 million of their ancestors at the hands of the Ottoman Turks.

Millions worldwide mark 100th anniversary of Armenian genocide

Children release white doves at the canonization ceremony for the victims of the Armenian Genocide at the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, headquarters of the Armenian Apostolic Church, on April 23, 2015 in Vagharshapat, Armenia.

Inga & Anush Arshakyans – Aprelu April

Հայ երգիչներ – Կյանք 1500000 (kyanq 1500000) – Genocide

Turkish TV Accidentally Airs Genocide Centennial Events Instead of Gallipoli

CSNBC Turkey shows footage from Armenian Genocide centennial commemorations in Yerevan during a report on Turkey’s Gallipoli celebrations.

ISTANBUL (ArmRadio)—On April 24, CNBC Turkey mistakenly aired footage from the commemorations of the Armenian Genocide centennial instead of Gallipoli celebrations during its news program.

While the anchorwoman spoke about the events marking the anniversary of the Battle of Gallipoli, footage on the background was showing commemoration of the Armenian Genocide centenary at the Dzidzernagapert Armenian Genocide Memorial in Yerevan.

CNBC showed Armenian President Serzh Sarkisian welcoming foreign dignitaries. Only close to the end of the report, Erdogan was shown placing flowers at the memorial of the Battle of Gallipoli.

Armenia President: United States and Israel proceed from their national interests

“For United States and Israel, interests are more important than universal human values”, Armenia’s President Serzh Sargsyan said during Pozner program

Armenian Genocide Centennial has harmed Turkey’s international standing

If any outcome of politics and successful diplomacy can be measured by such numbers, Turkey — even if it is not 20 against 2 but 17 against 4 — has won a stunning political victory in terms of the competition of the centennials. One could say that in the contest of the “G-words,” Gallipoli won over the Genocide.

However, if a rational account is made of what Turkey went through last week, it will reveal a heavy toll in terms of the diplomatic damage sustained.

“It is no use for you to argue, we have already disposed of three quarters of the Armenians; there are none at all left in Bitlis, Van, and Erzerum. We have got to finish with them. If we don’t they will plan their revenge.”

Talaat Pasha to the outraged American Ambassador Henry Morgenthau

Henry Morgenthau, The Murder of a Nation, pp. 337-338

The Encyclopædia Britannica has edited the article about the Armenian Genocide, replacing the words “Armenian massacres” with “Armenian Genocide.”

Encyclopædia Britannica replaces words “Armenian massacres” with “Armenian Genocide”

BBC – Our World – Remembering the Armenian Massacres (25/4/15)

Russian TV channels TNT and NTV were not available for the Azerbaijani public till the morning of April 25 as they broadcasted films about the Armenian Genocide.

TV channels TNT and NTV blocked in Azerbaijan for showing films about Armenian Genocide

Thousands of Turks and Armenians from around the globe on Friday commemorated in Istanbul the centenary of the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire, Al-Jazeera reports.

Armenians and Turks Mark Genocide Centennial in Istanbul

Serj Tankian speech on concert in Yerevan, Armenia

System Of A Down – Suite-Pee/Prison Song live (2015 Armenia)

System Of A Down – Holy Mountains live (2015 Armenia)

System Of A Down – Sardarabad live (2015 Armenia)

System Of A Down – I.E.A.I.A.I.O live (2015 Armenia)


– Armenian Genocide Song- Official Video

Armenian diving team underwater, Beirut, Lebanon:

Lebanese magazine Audio Kultur has released a series of posters and a limited-edition version of its April issue printed using human blood to mark the 100th anniversary of the Armenian genocide. The project “Still here, Still Bleeding”, named after the slogan printed across the covers and posters, was developed by the Beirut-based independent magazine to celebrate the contribution that Lebanon’s Armenian population have made to the country’s cultural landscape.

“In Lebanon these contributions have been especially substantial, and a lot of the contributors are friends, colleagues and even family members,” Tres Colacion, editor-in-chief of Audio Kultur, told Dezeen. “It’s a community that is really fully integrated into Lebanese society and, with the occasion of the 100-year anniversary, it was a project that our editorial team felt compelled to take on.”

Lebanese magazine prints posters with blood to commemorate Armenian genocide

Eiffel Towel lights was turned off on April 24 in memory of the Armenian Genocide victims. The Eiffel Tower lights switched off for ten minutes in memory of the Armenian Genocide.

According to decision of the Mayor of Paris Anne Hidalgo, the Eiffel Tower’s multi-colored flashing lights will also be off the whole night in memory of the victims of the first genocide of the 20th century.

World leaders lay flowers and pay their respects at The Tsitsernakaberd memorial site in Armenia!

President Obama’s Chief of Staff Denis McDonough and Deputy National Security Advisor Ben Rhodes confirmed to Armenian American leaders, during a White House meeting this afternoon, that the President has chosen against recognizing the Armenian Genocide in his April 24th statement marking the worldwide centennial of this crime.

Genealogy – Face The Shadow (Armenia), Eurovision Song Contest 2015


“I applaud the lawsuit filed in Turkish court to regain ownership of the Catholicosate of the Great House of Cilcia which was confiscated during the Armenian Genocide. This ancient and sacred site must be returned to its rightful owners nearly a century after it was pillaged by the Ottoman Empire. Armenians are right to pursue all legal avenues to obtain justice and to seek the return of what is rightfully theirs.”

~ Congressman Adam Schiff
U.S. Representative for California’s 28th congressional district.

Armenians experienced unforgettable days last week during the Centennial commemorations of the Armenian Genocide. In many respects, Turkish denialists’ much-feared ‘Tsunami’ became a reality! While Armenians around the world were busy organizing commemorative events in recent years, their efforts were amplified by some unexpected developments, including Turkish President Erdogan’s irrational rhetoric and reaction.

One of the most stunning developments last week was Turkish Prime Minister Davutoglu’s declaration that the Armenian “deportations were a Crime Against Humanity” — which under international law is tantamount to recognizing the Armenian Genocide. No one should be surprised if Erdogan dismisses Davutoglu after the June Parliamentary elections.

Now that the Centennial is behind us, it is high time that Armenians turn the page on Armenian Genocide recognition and begin to systematically pursue their claims from Turkey through international, regional and local tribunals.

Armenians Should Now Pursue Legal Claims Rather Than Further Genocide Recognition

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