Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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Tyrkia benekter ennå at det fant sted et folkemord

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on March 23, 2015

I år markeres det at det har gått 100 år siden folkemordet. Armenerne markerer massakrene hver 24. april som minnedag. Dagen da tusener av armenske ledere ble deportert og henrettet i Istanbul og som hvert år blir markert av det armenske folk, deres venner i Armenia, samt den armenske diasporaen rundt om i verden.

Folkemordet på armenerne er verdens nest mest studerte folkemord, men Tyrkia benekter fortsatt at det var et folkemord og påstår at de høye dødsfallene på denne tiden skyldtes borgerkrig, sykdomsbølger, angrep fra landveisrøvere og hungersnød.

Mange aktivister innen den armenske diasporaen, som er på hele 10 millioner, har forsøkt å kreve formell anerkjennelse vedrørende folkemordet fra ulike regjeringer og internasjonale organer.

Internasjonale organisasjoner som har anerkjent folkemordet inkluderer blant annet EU parlamentet, som nylig oppfordret alle EU land til å anerkjenne folkemordet, Europarådet, Kirkenes verdensråd (KV), Human Rights Association (Tyrkia), Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal, Mercosur osv.

Mer enn 22 land har anerkjent folkemordet, mens USA (til tross for at Utenrikskomiteen i representantenes hus, samt 44 stater, har anerkjent det) og Storbritannia (til tross for at både Wales, Skottland og Nord Irland har anerkjent det) ikke har gjort det. Den svenske Riksdagen anerkjente folkemordet i 2010, mens det i Norge fortsatt hersker stor diskusjon.

For tiden representerer de kjente menneskerettighetsadvokatene Amal Clooney og Geoffrey Robertson Armenia i Den europeiske menneskerettsdomstol (EMD), noe som har fått frem hvilke holdninger som den tyrkiske stat preges av.

Tyrkiske myndigheter fortier og fornekter folkemordet, og i frykt for tyrkiske reaksjoner velger Norge en taushetslinje som kan bidra til at et tragisk kapitel i menneskehetens historie glemmes.

Norge tar avstand fra alle overgrep og brudd på menneskerettigheter, men nekter å kalle massakren for et folkemord. Dette på grunn av at de ser på dette som noe som skjedde for lang tid siden og anser ikke at det er hensiktsmessig i forhold til fred og forsoning å gå inn i spørsmålet. Uansett støtter man med dette opp om Tyrkias offisielle linje.

Over hele verden ser vi at enkeltmennesker og grupper sprer intoleranse og frykt. De dyrker voldelige ideologier og hat mot minoriteter. Å drive holdningene deres ut av mørket med kunnskapens lys er et ansvar som påhviler hver og en av oss. Norge kan være med på å gjøre noe med dette – ikke kun for armenernes del, men for menneskeheten.

Nå, under 100 års markeringen for folkemordet, sa den tyrkiske presidenten Recep Tayyip Erdogan at man vil møte alle armenske minnesmarkeringer for folkekemordet med tilsvarende motarrangementer. Man kan tenke seg hvordan stemningen hadde vært om Tyskland skulle ha erklært det samme vedrørende krystallnatten eller minnesmarkeringer vedrørende Holocaust.

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