Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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Johnny Depp wants to buy the site of Wounded Knee massacre and give it back to the Native Americans

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on December 8, 2014

Moneybags: Depp commands $20m per film and is thought to have a fortune of several hundred million dollars

Moneybags:

Depp commands $20m per film and is thought to have a fortune of several hundred million dollars

Johnny Depp has announced that he wants to buy Wounded Knee, a national historic landmark, and give it back to the Indian people. In an interview with the Mail On Sunday, the actor revealed that he is ready to spend millions in order to give the Native American people control of the land that was the site of a brutal 1890 massacre. ‘It’s very sacred ground and many atrocities were committed against the Sioux there,’ he said in the interview.

The $3.9 million price tag on the site of the Wounded Knee massacre is steep — but a fraction of Johnny Depp’s paycheck from The Lone Ranger.

Read the petition: Johnny Depp: Keep his word to buy Wounded Knee for the Sioux Nation

Wounded Knee Owner Threatens Tribe: ‘Buy Now or I’m Auctioning It Off’

Johnny Depp wants to buy the site of Wounded Knee massacre and give it back to the Native Americans

Indians to Johnny Depp: ‘Keep Your Word, Buy Wounded Knee’

Johnny Depp Wants To Buy Wounded Knee. But Why Was It Sold In The First Place?

Johnny Depp’s Wounded Knee offer called generous, but some think it’s misguided

The Wounded Knee medals of honor should be rescinded

Wounded Knee Massacre

Massacre At Wounded Knee, 1890

Wounded Knee – Native American History

Wounded Knee, 1890 – 1973 in photos

Wounded Knee Museum

Wounded Knee – Pechanga.net

Investment: Johnny Depp researched Native American history for his role as Tonto, the Indian sidekick to the Lone Ranger, but that attention to detail hasn't helped in the box office as it is being deemed a flop

Investment:

Johnny Depp researched Native American history for his role as Tonto, the Indian sidekick to the Lone Ranger, but that attention to detail hasn’t helped in the box office as it is being deemed a flop

Heritage: Depp announced that he would like to buy the site of Wounded Knee, an 1890 massacre that left hundreds of Native Americans dead, and return it to them

Heritage:

Depp announced that he would like to buy the site of Wounded Knee, an 1890 massacre that left hundreds of Native Americans dead, and return it to them

Just before: This picture of the  Miniconjou Sioux band was taken near the site of the Wounded Knee massacre one month before the December 1890 massacre where hundreds of Indians were killed

Just before:

This picture of the Miniconjou Sioux band was taken near the site of the Wounded Knee massacre one month before the December 1890 massacre where hundreds of Indians were killed

Tragic: Chief Spotted Elk, (widely known by the somewhat derogatory nickname Big Foot) the leader of the Sioux, is seen here as he lay frozen in the ground after the fighting at Wounded Knee. The legendary leader died in that battle with American troops

Tragic:

Chief Spotted Elk, (widely known by the somewhat derogatory nickname Big Foot) the leader of the Sioux, is seen here as he lay frozen in the ground after the fighting at Wounded Knee. The legendary leader died in that battle with American troops

Commemoration: Wounded Knee is now a National Historic Landmark but Depp thinks it should belong to the Native Americans who once lived on the land

Commemoration:

Wounded Knee is now a National Historic Landmark but Depp thinks it should belong to the Native Americans who once lived on the land

Up for sale: The land is said to be for sale for $3.9million and Depp said he is going to do 'everything possible' to make it happen

Up for sale:

The land is said to be for sale for $3.9million and Depp said he is going to do ‘everything possible’ to make it happen

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