Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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Where we came from and where we are on our way

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on December 7, 2014

Arta/Asha – the guardians of the truth, the righouss – ARmenia

Marianne (the heroinne of France), Maria (together with Jesus), Maryannu (the Aryan tribe) and Aryan (Armenians) – wellknown by their Phrygian cap, the liberty cap. The ARmenians had cities and countries: Mari, Armi, Aratta, Armanum, Ararat and Armenia. Maryannu is also another name of the state Mitanni, the country of Mitra/Mithra, where the king Mita, who has given the etymology of Mythology, comes from. Everything is connected.


In this I am saying that there is connection in a much higher level than you in the first place should think it is, and that this connections is involved with Armenia and the craddle of civilization – that we need to build a just, free, peaceful and sustainable society before it is too late, which maybe it is allready.

The war in Syria, and what else is going on in the region, is crucual for humanity. We can simply not afford this war, or what else which find place in this region these days. This is written in all our holy scriptures, all religions and philosophy.

We are on the verge to destroy our conditions here on earth, both by killing species of animals, destroying nature, going to all the time more wars, have overproduction and overconsumption and still let people die of hunger and thurst, by making the gap between the rich and the poor all the time greater, by worshipping money and not higher spiritual values, as for example justice, freedom, peace and sustainability.

We simply have to change!

The way we look at our history

In Europe people tend to see the Greek Roman world as the “cradle of civilization”, because that is the place choosen to be the cradle after the Middle Ages when people didn’t know much about history. True the Crusaders knowledge about the Greek-Roman world appeared, and since they lost the battle of Jerusalem and the SW Asia, they choosed the Greek-Roman world as their cradle of civilization.

This was around the 1600 century, after the plague had destroyed much of Europe and at the hight of the renaissance (from French: Renaissance “re-birth”), which people looked upon as a great age. The Middle Ages was not named the Middle Ages at that time, but since they looked upon the time between the Greek-Roman world and the “modern” world as something boring and stagnated they choosed to call the time between by that name.

The Greek culture started around 800-700 BC, more or less the same time as Roma was established as a city. The Roman Empire ended in the West because of plagues and the invasions of the Germans around 500 century, while Byzants lasted until 1200 century, when the 4th crusade invaded and conquered the capital city Constantinople.

The Ottoman Empire, also historically referred to as the Turkish Empire or Turkey, was a Sunni Islamic state founded by Oghuz Turks under Osman I in northwestern Anatolia in 1299. With conquests in the Balkans by Murad I between 1365 and 1389, and the conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed II in 1453, the Ottoman sultanate was transformed into an empire.

But that does not mean that the Middle Ages was a time of stagnation. As a result of the fall of the Roman Empire in the West the population reduced drastically, and for a long time there were sporadic wars and the establishment of different states, but subordinated the pope in Rome.

Charlemagne (2 April 742/747/748 – 28 January 814), also known as Charles the Great or Charles I, was the King of the Franks from 768, the King of Italy from 774, and from 800 the first emperor in western Europe since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expanded Frankish state he founded is called the Carolingian Empire.

Europe started to bloom again, the economic activities expanded and the first modern universities were established. Then came the plague, a deadly infectious disease that is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis, named after the French-Swiss bacteriologist Alexandre Yersin.

From 1347 to 1351, the Black Death, a massive and deadly pandemic originating in China, spread along the Silk Road and swept through Asia, Europe and Africa. It may have reduced the world’s population from 450 million to between 350 and 375 million. China lost around half of its population, from around 123 million to around 65 million, while Europe lost around 1/3 of its population, from about 75 million to about 50 million.

The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned the period roughly from the 14th to the 17th century, beginning in Italy in the Late Middle Ages and later spreading to the rest of Europe.

Though availability of paper and the invention of metal movable type sped the dissemination of ideas from the later 15th century, the changes of the Renaissance were not uniformly experienced across Europe.

As a cultural movement, it encompassed innovative flowering of Latin and vernacular literatures, beginning with the 14th-century resurgence of learning based on classical sources, which contemporaries credited to Petrarch, the development of linear perspective and other techniques of rendering a more natural reality in painting, and gradual but widespread educational reform.

In politics, the Renaissance contributed the development of the conventions of diplomacy, and in science an increased reliance on observation. Historians often argue this intellectual transformation was a bridge between the Middle Ages and Modern history.

Although the Renaissance saw revolutions in many intellectual pursuits, as well as social and political upheaval, it is perhaps best known for its artistic developments and the contributions of such polymaths as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, who inspired the term “Renaissance man”.

A common European cultural consciousness appeared in the Middle Ages, but was based on the Greek culture in the Mediterrean area, the Roman Empire, the Catholic church and the Germanic invasion. Everything about our early history, which at least the Greeks knew something about, was totally forgotten, or pushed aside, and this is still what we learn on European schools and universities today.

The thing is that both the Neolithic Old European cultures and the Indo-European cultures, not to forget the Semitic cultures, are all from the same essence and the same place; Portasar in the Armenian Highland. If we are going to find out about who we are and about the birth of the civilization we have to go there, and I can tell you that there are enormous much we can learn from that place.

If we soon open our eyes and try to find about what happened at that place, we can as well surrounder, and that will bring death, destruction and suffering for human kind, animals and the planet.

Maybe there’s nothing about Armenia or Armenians nowadays that would lead to believe that it is the inheritor of some great civilization, but that is because it has fallen between the greatest Empires this world have seen, and which the Armenians them self have been involved in the creation and development of, like the Sumerians, the Akkadians, the Assyrians, the Persians, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Arabs, the Ottomans etc.

However, the most interesting group of people I find is the Hurrians, also known as Urartians or Armenians. They were quite unknown until very reasonably, but was spread around the entire region, and might be the first group of people to have domesticated animals, and developed such things as agriculture, metals, cities, writing etc.

The thing here is that you, when you study this time, will be without written primary sources. But there will be languages, grammatical rules, mythology and archeology there to help you find about how thing got developed, and I can promiss you – there is a lot to find, something which would maybe even change the way you see things today.

The cradle of civilization

Africa is the cradle of humanity, not the civilization. Sumer has been called the cradle of civilization, but in fact the Sumerians were Armenians. The civilization, our civilization started at Ararat. This civilization spread, both as so called Old Europe, or the Neolithic Europeans, and the Indo-Europeans and the Semitic peoples, to Eurasia (even incuding China), and northern Africa.

It has to do with the beginning of farming, the domestication of animals, the first Megalithic temples and the first cities, the first religion and mythology, the knowledge of the stars, astrology and astronomy, the beginning of writing and mathematics.

We had a lot of knowledge about how we should live, and this you can see because of different common words and ways to think about things. These words can give an insight about the wisdom people had at that time.

But since we left the Armenian highland, or Eden/Ekur, we have forgotten a lot of this wisdom. The people at Portasar is digged the Megalithic stone temples under hundreds of tons of soil, maybe because of a purpose. Maybe they taught that developing this kind of civilization could become our destiny. But it was too late.

People spread from the highland and brought with them knowledge and technologies. Where these people came they developed new civilizations. The modern world got created. In the south the Semitic culture got created and in the north the Japhetic. Hamoukar was crushed and destroyed. It was the first large scale war as we know of.

We started to change the nature as we made irrigation systems, and because of overproduction we started to specialized us in different fields. Work specialization was born. With it came private property, the making of social hierarchies and the suppression of women.

The thing is that we have developed a sick civilization, a civilization which is about to destroy us. We have already ruined cultures, enslaved people and led them into our civilization, which is no longer sustainable.

Yes, something new was born at Ararat. And the Armenians, at least until quite reasonly, must have known about it. This you can tell by the different names given to places and our way of thinking. The Armenians have spread far and wide and brought with them different kinds of knowledge.

In mythology you can really go into a whole world of different ways of understanding things, and you can see how things have changed over time by looking at the development of religion and mythology. This is because the different gods have different qualities.

The goddess, representing the women, represents the world we are living in. The god, representing the man, represent the sky or the sea, the abstract way of thinking. At first the goddess got supressed, just like what happened to the women, then the god changed with another god – the Jeish god, who in this way expanded his realm.

The world is connected now, and there is no more god – people trust money and worship money instead of the gods/God. All this could be find if we had not forgotten the wisdom of how to live and what to do we brought with us. If you have read the Bible you will recognize a lot of this stuff, and then you will also know that we got a last chance to live on this planet at Ararat, before known as Aratta.

In fact very much of the Bible have been written in Babylon, today’s Iraq, and very much of it is copied from Sumerian texts, including the story about the flood, Noah and the garden of Eden.

According to the Sumerian texts the gods created the humans, but saw it as a failure and wanted to get rid of them again. But, as with Noah, we got one last chance. I think we, the human race, are misusing this chance and that the result will be very harsh.

To survive we have to change our society according to the scriptures, or what we now know about the ecological system we are a part of. In other words we need to develop a sustainable society. This will not be done by the people in power.

I have written thousands of pages about the people in power, both the politicians and the capitalists, or the Oligarcs which they are called, and the system they have created, and it is terrible, and it is even going to get worse. The people in power are the worst kind of criminals and they are developing new technologies to be able to control and suppress us even more.

Armenia was once the greatest of all the nations here on earth, and developed the civilization we have today. But for a long time now the Armenians have suffered from suppression, destruction and genocide.

I fear that behind a lot of this, and what is happening today, are a greater force, a force which is a kind of arch enemy of the Armenian nation. Armenia is very much connected with Arta/asha, which simply means truth and right(eousness),order and right working.

This might be much older than the Zoroastrian religion. Aratta, or Arta, is at least 6000 years old, and might even be much older. It was the super ego of Uruk, but was conquered by Uruk, who then moved the worship of Inanna from Aratta to Uruk.

The Armenian, also known as Hurrians and Urartians, used to live in different parts of SW Asia, but many became Semitified, a language developing in Africa. The Assyrians have tir roots in the ancient city of Ashur, which existed long time before the Assyrians.

In fact the name of the Assyrians and the Armenians share their etymology, because ash and ar mean the same. Both names have their etymological origin in Urartu, or Ararat, the state that by the Persians later became known as Armenia, which is also the same name as the one the German have. Both of the names points to the zodiac sign of Aries, which used to be the first zodiac sign. Aries is called Væren in Norwegian.

I don’t like what I see in the world just know, and it gives me fear because I don’t want anything bad to happen, but unfortunately there are already too many signs who tells me that something is really bad. The ongoing war and destruction in SW Asia, both in Iraq and Syria, is a sign of something much more serious. It has to do with our moral standard. I am afraid that the situation in this area will spread.

Considering the issues already mention which we already are confronted with, crises in our social, economical and ecological systems, we really do not need a full scale WW III scenario. The situation in SW Asia have destroyed very much of our cultural heritage, there has in fact been a cultural genocide, people have been killed, been raped or been sold as slaves.

I have chosen to see our cradle of civilization as something good, and there are signs that shows that it is, while I see the forces fighting for imperialism and suppression by the way of death and destruction as something bad, druj or lie, which is the opposite of Arta/asha. I also fare that this forces will destroy Armenia.

The goddess Urash and An got mixed together and Inanna and Ereskigal were created. Ereshkigal, the queen of the underworld, was taken to the underworld against her own will. She is the older sister of Inanna, representing Venus. I think Ashur and Urartu is connected with this name. At the same time Haik, or Khaldi, is the same as Hel, which is the same as Ereshkigal.

Either Ereshkigal or Hel was bad in the start but both became queens of the underworld, called Arkalla in Sumerian and Hell in Norwegian. it is said that Inanna, or Nanna as she is called in Norwegian, is just a part of Ereshkigal and Hel.

Hel is known to be divided in the middle, having one living and light side, and the other one representing death and darkness. It seems that Ereshkigal was left with death and destruction, the darkness and the season of autumn.

In a mythological way you can then understand the name of Armenia, also called Hayastan, as developing as the first country, and the first Christian country too, but conquered (not only at the time of Aratta, but at later times too) and suppressed.

I might not be very religious or spiritual, whatever that means, but I am interested in history and the development of our civilization and I see different things which I find important. One of them is the role of Armenia and the Armenians, and their future, which should concern all of us.

As Lord Byron once said “God must have spoken in Armenian”, whatever he meant with that. However I feel that the Armenians have suffered too much and I fear for their future. I see the battle in the world happening right now, and fear something very bad is about to happen. This is what I want to focus on. Not just for fun, but because I think it can be important. We need to develop a culture and society based on justice, freedom, peace and sustainability!

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