Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

The history of the evil eye

Posted by Fredsvenn on September 21, 2014

A Ruby Eye Pendant from an ancient civilization in Mesopotamia

was possibly used as amulet to protect against evil eyes.

Nazars, charms used to ward off the evil eye.

The evil eye is a curse believed to be cast by a malevolent glare, usually given to a person when they are unaware. Many cultures believe that receiving the evil eye will cause misfortune or injury. Talismans created to protect against the evil eye are also frequently called “evil eyes”.

The idea expressed by the term causes many different cultures to pursue protective measures against it. The concept and its significance vary widely among different cultures, primarily the Middle East. The idea appears several times in translations of the Old Testament. It was a widely extended belief among many Mediterranean and Asian tribes and cultures. Charms and decorations featuring the eye are a common sight across Turkey, Iran, and Afghanistan and have become a popular choice of souvenir with tourists.

Belief in the evil eye exists in the Middle East, Latin America, East and West Africa, Central America, South Asia, Central Asia, and Europe, especially the Mediterranean region; it has also spread to areas, including northern Europe, particularly in the Celtic regions, and the Americas, where it was brought by European colonists and Middle Eastern immigrants.

Belief in the evil eye dates back to Classical antiquity. It is referenced by Hesiod, Callimachus, Plato, Diodorus Siculus, Theocritus, Plutarch, Heliodorus, Pliny the Elder, and Aulus Gellius. Peter Walcot’s Envy and the Greeks (1978) listed more than one hundred works by these and other authors mentioning the evil eye.

Evil Eye

Witchcraft

Black Magic

Evil

Magic

Amulet

Eye of Horus

Sympathetic Magic

Talisman

Turkish Talisman (Evil Eyes)

A Belief in The Evil Eye

Evil Eye Languages

English: Evil Eye, Evil Eyes, All Seeing Eye

French: Mauvais Oeil, Oeil

German: Bose Blick

Irish: Droch shuil

Italian: Malocchio, La Jettatura

Mexican: Ojo De Venado

Spanish: Mal Ojo

Roman: Oculus Malus

Indian: Drishtidosham Third Eye of Budda

Hebrew: Ayin Horea

Greek: Baskania

Egyptian: Eye of Horus

Arabic: Ayin Harsha

Turkish: Nazar, Goz

Armenian: Gabuyt Achk Kapoot Achk

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