Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

Archive for May, 2014

The New World Order

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 31, 2014

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‘Obama says the US is indispensable, meaning all other countries are dispensable?’ If indispensable means invasive than there is no country that has invaded more states in the world, that has violated human rights and international law more than has the US, foreign policy expert Richard Becker told RT.

‘Obama says the US is indispensable, meaning all other countries are dispensable?’

For over 65 years, the United States war machine has been on auto pilot. Since World War II, the world has believed that US foreign policy means well, and that America’s motives in spreading democracy are honorable, even noble. In this startling and provocative book from William Blum, one of the United States’ leading non-mainstream chroniclers of American foreign policy and author of the popular online newsletter, Anti-Empire Reports, demonstrates that nothing could be further from the truth. Moreover, unless this fallacy is unlearned, and until people understand fully the worldwide suffering American policy has caused, we will never be able to stop the monster.

“This picture is directly related to that link. The website itself used to be called Killing Hope.org. (I think it was his latest book about 4 years ago). Eisenhower started the military industrial complex while warning against it. A US base in Albania ?! Of all places ? Understandibly, Japan, supposedly to keep them from building a nuclear bomb, but look at how the Pearl Harbor attack was known about by FDR. Now look at what Fukishima did. And I forgot to mention on the othe post you had about temperature, but HAARP is bombarding the ionosphere with terra or giga watts of microwaves and the arrays aren’t just in Alaska. They are around the world. About 10 places I think. Tesla Arrays of those microwave towers. I can think of one on an island in the Atlantic and one in Africa, the Alaska one, and I think there’s one in the Indian Ocean.”

America’s Deadliest Export: Democracy

Earth: 248 armed conflicts after WW2; US started 201 (81%), killing 30 million

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Syria, Ukraine, and now the dollar?

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 31, 2014

Form right: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin at a security conference in Shanghai, China, May, 2014.

Form right: Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Chinese President Xi Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin at a security conference in Shanghai, China, May, 2014.

Every year, the world’s most powerful people meet in secret. Their agenda: total world domination. Big media observe a near-total blackout. It sounds like dystopian science fiction, or a conspiracy theorist’s worst nightmare. The strangest part is that it’s true. The 2011 destabilization of Syria, the 9/11/2008 Goldman-Sachs-led controlled demolition of the world economy, and probably even the 9/11 false flag events were all plotted or okayed by the Bilderbergers.

Fortunately, the world is fighting back. The rise of the internet-based alternative media has shredded the secrecy surrounding the annual Bilderberg conference, allowing the people a glimpse of what their masters have in store for them. And the nations resisting the Bilderbergers’ world takeover attempt, led by Iran, Russia and China, are gaining ground.

That is why this year’s Bilderberg conference in Copenhagen, Denmark, which ended on June 1st, was an exercise in damage control. The Bilderbergers’ first concern, according to journalist Daniel Estulin, is the rise of Iran, Russia and China. The gas deal between Russia and China – and Iran and Russia’s successful defense of Syria against NATO-led aggression – have raised grave questions about whether the Bilderberg-led West can continue its world-domination scheme.

May 2014 brought bad news for the Bilderbergers. Russia, stung by NATO skullduggery in Ukraine, announced that it is spearheading a new Eurasian Economic Union. Meanwhile, China has just called for an Asian Security Alliance that would include Russia and Iran. All of this, on top of the Russia-China gas pipeline deal, suggests that the world is spinning out of the Bilderbergers’ control.

Bilderberg’s New World Order plot hits Iran-Russia-China wall

US tries to force China to keep US reserve currency: Analyst

YouTube: ‘Eurasian Economic Union a huge wake-up call for the US

YouTube: Escobar on China/Russia ‘Deal of the decade’

YouTube: ‘Very bad news for dollar’: Bucks slipping as world’s reserve currency

YouTube: EU will get air, not gas, from the US – Former Eurogas Chief

YouTube: СrossTalk: What West loses by alienating Russia?

YouTube: South-East Ukraine: Crisis Diary

YouTube: ‘Civil war metastasizing in Ukraine, US silent on civilian casualties’

YouTube: Obama hints at greater U.S. support in Syria

YouTube: Lebanon: Syrians flock to vote in presidential election

China’s president called Tuesday for the creation of a new Asian structure for security cooperation based on a regional group that includes Russia and Iran and excludes the United States.

President Xi Jinping spoke at a meeting in Shanghai of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-building in Asia (CICA), an group that has taken on significance as Beijing tries to extend its influence and limit the role of the United States, which it sees as a strategic rival.

“We need to innovate our security cooperation (and) establish new regional security cooperation architecture,” said Xi, speaking to an audience that included President Vladimir Putin of Russia and leaders of Central Asian countries.

CICA, whose 24 member nations also include Korea, Thailand and Turkey, should become a “security dialogue and cooperation platform” and should “establish a defense consultation mechanism,” Xi said. He said it should create a “security response center” for major emergencies.

The proposal marks the latest effort by Beijing to build up groups of Asian or developing governments to offset the influence of the United States and other Western governments in global affairs.

In 2001, it founded the Shanghai Cooperation Organization with Russia and four Central Asia nations to counterbalance rising American influence in the region and to combat Islamic and separatist political movements. Beijing also is a force in the BRICS group of major developing countries with Russia, India, Brazil and South Africa.

The Eurasian Economic Union (EaEU), also known as the Eurasian Union (EaU), is an economic union founded by a treaty signed on May 29, 2014 between the leaders of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus. The Union will go into effect on January 1, 2015 if the treaty is approved by each country’s parliaments.

The EaEU will create a single economic market of 170 million people and a gross domestic product of 2.7 trillion dollars. Armenia, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan have also expressed interest in joining the organization.

If there was one takeaway from Russia’s annual economic shindig in St Petersburg last week, it was that the country is continually looking to its neighbor China for trade and investment. While the United States can’t claim that it might be losing a friend with Russia’s pivot east, it might be a different story for the dollar, with the alliance having the potential to undercut the domination of the U.S. currency.

Russia Holds “De-Dollarization Meeting”: China, Iran Willing To Drop US Dollar From Bilateral Trade

China, Iran and Russia: Restructuring the global order

What is CICA (and Why Does China Care About It)?

Eurasian Economic Union is wake-up call for US

What Russia-China relations mean for the dollar

China calls for new security pact with Russia, Iran

Syria

Syrian presidential election, 2014

Syria election: Refugees vote in Lebanon and Jordan

This is what the Syrian election looks like in Lebanon

Ukraine

Rebels Kill 14 Downing Ukraine Chopper as Russia Sees War

Threat of war between Ukraine and Russia

Russia warns of ‘fratricidal war’ in Ukraine

Slavyansk kids escape to Russia from Kiev’s shelling

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World revolution is coming

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 31, 2014

Bilde: Facebook świętuje 10 lat. Różne firmy, marki, organizacje i ludzie wykorzystują to miejsce w sieci do swoich celów. My też próbujemy.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>A do tego się zastanawiamy i chcemy poznać Wasze zdanie – czy to co robimy na fejsie (my = wspólnie my + Wy) ma sens? Czy to, że wymieniamy się linkami i zdjęciami, lajkujemy, dzielimy się i komentujemy, czasem spieramy, w jakikolwiek sposób zmienia otaczającą nas rzeczywistość? Czy lajki mogą naprawić świat?</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Wydaje nam się, że odpowiedź nie jest oczywista. Co sądzicie?</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>(autor rysunku: Pawel Kuczynski)” width=”504″ height=”504″ /></p><br /><br /><br />
<p style=

Bilde: "I'm just doing my job" is not an excuse. It's not text on paper that violates someone's rights but a person who chooses to act based on that text. Let's encourage those who today act unthinkingly to think, and consider the ramifications of their actions. And let's hold them accountable.</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>via Milwaukee Cop Block</p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>- Pete Eyre

“There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor political, nor popular, but he must take it because his conscience tells him that it is right.” ~ Martin Luther King

POLICE STATE – Guardians of Power

In a Time of Universal Deceit – Telling the Truth is a Revolutionary Act (George Orwell)

Truth, Justice, Peace: A call on international activists – Peace-Campers, Human Rights delegates, “Reality” tourists and solidarity activists.

Bilde: It's time to wake up. </p><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
<p>Via The Blue Street Journal” width=”504″ height=”504″ /></p><br /><br /><br />
<p style=

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It is on time to implement a basic income!

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 31, 2014

People stand in line outside an unemployment office in Madrid. (File photo)

Over one million people in Spain – the eurozone’s fourth largest economy – haven’t had a job since 2010, according to a report by Spain’s National Statistics Institute. Although this number continues to rise, the government says it’s witnessing recovery.

The numbers, published on May 23, show that “very long-term unemployment” in the country has risen by more than 500 percent since 2007. That year, about 250,000 Spaniards were unemployed after losing their job at least three years prior. That number drastically rose to 1.27 million in 2013 – 234,000 more than in 2012.

‘National disaster’: Spain sees 500% rise in ‘very long-term unemployment’

The situation in Spain getting out of hand

Protesters in Barcelona angry at the eviction of a squat have clashed with police. And the violence is getting worse as the stand-off drags on into a fourth day. Authorities however say they use force only when they’re pushed to extremes. Barcelona city hall has now called off plans to demolish and redevelop a squatted building in one of the city’s poorest districts after four nights of violent protests.

A basic income is an income unconditionally granted to all on an individual basis, without means test or work requirement. It is a form of minimum income guarantee that differs from those that now exist in various European countries in three important ways:

  • it is being paid to individuals rather than households
  • it is paid irrespective of any income from other sources
  • it is paid without requiring the performance of any work or the willingness to accept a job if offered

Liberty and equality, efficiency and community, common ownership of the Earth and equal sharing in the benefits of technical progress, the flexibility of the labour market and the dignity of the poor, the fight against inhumane working conditions, against the desertification of the countryside and against interregional inequalities, the viability of cooperatives and the promotion of adult education, autonomy from bosses, husbands and bureaucrats, have all been invoked in its favour.

But it is the inability to tackle unemployment with conventional means that has led in the last decade or so to the idea being taken seriously throughout Europe by a growing number of scholars and organizations. Social policy and economic policy can no longer be conceived separately, and basic income is increasingly viewed as the only viable way of reconciling two of their respective central objectives: poverty relief and full employment.

There is a wide variety of proposals around. They differ according to the amounts involved, the source of funding, the nature and size of the reductions in other transfers, and along many other dimensions. As far as short-term proposals are concerned, however, the current discussion is focusing increasingly on so-called partial basic income schemes, which would not be full substitutes for present guaranteed income schemes, but would provide a low – and slowly increasing – basis to which other incomes, including the remaining social security benefits and means-tested guaranteed income supplements, could be added.

Many prominent European social scientists have now come out in favour of basic income. In a few countries some major politicians, including from parties in government, are also beginning to stick their necks out in support of it. At the same time, the relevant literature – on the economic, ethical, political and legal aspects – is gradually expanding and those promoting the idea, or just interested in it, in various European countries and across the world, have started organizing into an active network. It is on time to implement a basic income!

Basic income – Wikipedia

Basic Income Earth Network

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40 of the most powerful social issue ads that’ll make you stop and think

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 31, 2014

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Many people complain about advertisements as an obnoxious way for companies to invade our everyday lives and cram their products down our throats, but that’s not all that advertisements are good for. The advertisements on this list are excellent examples of effective advertising strategies for social issue campaigns that let their voices be heard.

A well-made advertisement is designed to grab your attention and to remain in your memory long after you’ve left it behind, and that is exactly what many of these social causes need. Getting people to think and worry about various social and environmental issues (or even simply getting them to be aware of them) is important for raising public supporting and affecting meaningful changes. A few of these ads are, in fact, commercial ads, but it’s still nice that they champion socially or environmentally aware causes/products.

Just like with commercial advertisements, having just the facts is not enough. They are important, but the ad must also appeal to the observer’s emotions. Many studies have indicated that emotion can have a powerful effect on memory formation, ensuring that memories with emotion will last longer than those without.

According to “Father of Advertising” David Ogilvy, his contemporary, Howard Gossage, said that “advertising justifies its existence when used in the public interest—it is much too powerful a tool to use solely for commercial purposes.” We definitely agree, which is why we wanted to share this list of social cause advertisements with you!

40 Of The Most Powerful Social Issue Ads That’ll Make You Stop And Think

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Shocking parallels between ancient mass extinction and climate change

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 31, 2014

"The Great Dying" redux? Shocking parallels between ancient mass extinction and climate change

Bilde: We can invest in sustainable practices, ending Ecocide will trigger that http://bit.ly/1hyLE04

The world is on the brink of a sixth great extinction of species, a new study says. Unlike the mass extinction events of geological history, the current extinction challenge is one for which a single species – ours – appears to be almost wholly responsible. Species of animals and plants are currently dying out at least 1,000 times faster than they would without human interference.

Just to illustrate the degree of biodiversity loss we’re facing, let’s take you through one scientific analysis…

  • The rapid loss of species we are seeing today is estimated by experts to be between 1,000 and 10,000 times higher than the natural extinction rate.*
  • These experts calculate that between 0.01 and 0.1% of all species will become extinct each year.
  • If the low estimate of the number of species out there is true – i.e. that there are around 2 million different species on our planet** –  then that means between 200 and 2,000 extinctions occur every year.
  • But if the upper estimate of species numbers is true – that there are 100 million different species co-existing with us on our planet – then between 10,000 and 100,000 species are becoming extinct each year.

Species dying out 1,000 times faster with humans on the scene – study

The Extinction of Animal and Plant Species

“The Great Dying” redux? Shocking parallels between ancient mass extinction and climate change

 

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Sash-Spitak Jard (Armenian genocide)

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 30, 2014

Sponsored by Peace of Art, Inc., the 2014 Armenian Genocide commemorative billboards honor the victims and survivors of the Armenian Genocide.

Thanks to everyone who dedicated their time and effort to make this music video. For those who don’t understand Armenian I will summarize the meaning of my song in couple of sentences:

99 years ago the first genocide of 20th century occurred and over 1.5 million Armenians were eliminated from their historic homeland through forced deportations and massacres.This resulted in vast immigration of Armenians to different countries (those who survived) .

We still demand Turkey to recognize the Armenian genocide and we always keep the memory of all the victims alive but recently I noticed that we are facing a much bigger problem. We are forgetting our language, history, and where we are from. The spinning cycle of history is repeating the same genocide, but this time no blood is shed; thus, it’s called the “white massacre” (spitak jard) and if we don’t stop it now and change ourselves,a century later there will be no such thing as an “Armenian” and we will blend in with everyone else.

We have to reunite and remember how our ancestors tried their best to keep our cultural traditions,religion and language alive and passed it down to the following generations.

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Armenian genocide – A genocide denied is a genocide pepeated

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 30, 2014

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This is heavy – Do we want to wait for the next time around, or do we want to do something about it?

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The Seikilos epitaph

Posted by Fredsvenn on May 30, 2014

media/seikilos_poem.pngOrigins of Notation

Seikilos epitaph

Hurrian songs

ArmenianHistoryImage KhorVirap Eternity.jpg

Aratta (Sumerian), Uratri (Hurrian), Urartu/Ararat (Assyrian) and Armenia (Persian) is all different names of the same state, the state today known as Armenia. Here the people of fire, also known as Ar, Ur or Hur, three different names of the same people, lived, and live. 

Hurrians

Who Were the Hurrians?

A common ancestor of Indo-European and Hurrian

Once upon a time, there was writing, but not music notation. Authors could record their words in books for posterity; although musicians sang and played instruments, their melodies vanished in the moment. In the middle of the 7th century, Isidore of Seville wrote a twenty-book encyclopedia in which he summarized the knowledge of the world. In it, he stated that melodies could not be written down, and, as one would expect from this declaration of impossibility, it included no music notation.

Strictly speaking, Saint Isidore was wrong. Melodies could be written down, because they had been written down by the ancient Greeks. In 1883, around the same time Edison was complicating the history of sound-writing with the invention of the phonograph, the Scottish archeologist Sir William Mitchell Ramsay complicated it with his own discovery of the “oldest complete musical composition ever found.” In Asia Minor (modern Turkey), in the first century AD, the Greek poet Seikilos had composed a song in memory of his wife Euterpe, which he chiseled in everlasting stone: The Seikilos Tablet.

The Hurrians (Ḫu-ur-ri) were a people of the Bronze Age Near East. They spoke a Hurro-Urartian language called Hurrian, and lived in Anatolia and Northern Mesopotamia.

The largest and most influential Hurrian nation was the multi-ethnic kingdom of Mitanni, the Mitanni being perhaps an Indo-European-speaking people who formed a ruling class over the Hurrians. The population of the Indo-European-speaking Hittite Empire in Anatolia included a large population of Hurrians, and there is significant Hurrian influence in Hittite mythology.

By the Early Iron Age, the Hurrians had been assimilated with other peoples, except perhaps in the kingdom of Urartu. According to a hypothesis by I.M. Diakonoff and S. Starostin, the Hurrian and Urartian languages are related to the Northeast Caucasian languages.

The Hurrian songs are a collection of music inscribed in cuneiform on clay tablets excavated from the ancient Amorite city of Ugarit which date to approximately 1400 BC. One of these tablets, which is nearly complete, contains the Hurrian cult hymn or A Zaluzi to the Gods, sometimes simply known as h.6, a hymn to Nikkal, wife of the moon god, making it the oldest surviving substantially complete work of notated music in the world. While the composers’ names of some of the fragmentary pieces are known, h.6 is an anonymous work.

The most ancient example of written song. A hymn to Nikkal The text is written upon a fragmented tablet and, therefore, is incomplete. The hymn has four stanzas, each with a refrain. Stanzas 1 and 4 are imitation, and stanzas 2 and 3 are identical musically. The singer is accompanied by a lyra. The lyra harmony is predominantly in thirds and sixths, a few fourths, and one fifth.

There are startling similarities between the Babylonian principles of music theory and those used by ancient Greeks. Moreover, the Babylonian principles antedate the Greek ones by more than a millenium.

The Babylonians seem to have used music exclusively in connection with religious observances and festivals. The names of lyra/kithara strings and musical pitches were related to their cult deities and to the planets in a cosmology similar to Greek philosophers’ “harmony of the spheres.”

The Seikilos epitaph is a Hellenistic Ionic song in Phrygian octave species and the oldest surviving example of a complete musical composition, including musical notation, from anywhere in the world. The song, the melody of which is recorded, alongside its lyrics, in the ancient Greek musical notation, was found engraved on a tombstone, near Aidin, Turkey (not far from Ephesus). The find has been dated variously from around 200 BC to around AD 100, but the first century AD is the most probable guess.

Also on the tombstone is an indication that states in Greek “Εἰκὼν ἡ λίθος εἰμί.Τίθησί με Σείκιλος ἔνθα μνήμης ἀθανάτου σῆμα πολυχρόνιον”, “I am a tombstone, an image. Seikilos placed me here as an everlasting sign of deathless remembrance”.

The music of ancient Greece was almost universally present in society, from marriages and funerals to religious ceremonies, theatre, folk music and the ballad-like reciting of epic poetry. It thus played an integral role in the lives of ancient Greeks.

There are significant fragments of actual Greek musical notation as well as many literary references to ancient Greek music, such that some things can be known—or reasonably surmised—about what the music sounded like, the general role of music in society, the economics of music, the importance of a professional caste of musicians, etc.

Even archaeological remains reveal an abundance of depictions on ceramics, for example, of music being performed. The word music comes from the Muses, the daughters of Zeus and patron goddesses of creative and intellectual endeavours.

The sounds of scales vary depending on the placement of tones. Modern Western scales use the placement of whole tones, such as C to D on a modern piano keyboard, and half tones, such as C to C-sharp, but not quarter-tones (“in the cracks” on a modern keyboard) at all.

This limit on tone types creates relatively few kinds of scales in modern Western music compared to that of the Greeks, who used the placement of whole-tones, half-tones, and even quarter-tones (or still smaller intervals) to develop a large repertoire of scales, each with a unique ethos.

The Greek concepts of scales (including the names) found its way into later Roman music and then the European Middle Ages to the extent that one can find references to, for example, a “Lydian church mode”, although name is simply a historical reference with no relationship to the original Greek sound or ethos.

The Mushki were an Iron Age people of Anatolia, known from Assyrian sources. They do not appear in Hittite records. Several authors have connected them with the Moschoi (Μόσχοι) of Greek sources.

Two different groups are called Muški in the Assyrian sources (Diakonoff 1984:115), one from the 12th to 9th centuries, located near the confluence of the Arsanias and the Euphrates (“Eastern Mushki”), and the other in the 8th to 7th centuries, located in Cappadocia and Cilicia (“Western Mushki”).

Assyrian sources identify the Western Mushki with the Phrygians, while Greek sources clearly distinguish between Phrygians and Moschoi.

Identification of the Eastern with the Western Mushki is uncertain, but it is of course possible to assume a migration of at least part of the Eastern Mushki to Cilicia in the course of the 10th to 8th centuries, and this possibility has been repeatedly suggested, variously identifying the Mushki as speakers of a Georgian, Armenian or Anatolian idiom.

The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture notes that “the Armenians according to Diakonoff, are then an amalgam of the Hurrian (and Urartians), Luvians and the Proto-Armenian Mushki (or Armeno-Phrygians) who carried their IE language eastwards across Anatolia.”

The Armenian hypothesis of the Proto-Indo-European Urheimat, based on the Glottalic theory suggests that the Proto-Indo-European language was spoken during the 4th millennium BC in the Armenian Highland. It is an Indo-Hittite model and does not include the Anatolian languages in its scenario.

The phonological peculiarities proposed in the Glottalic theory would be best preserved in the Armenian language and the Germanic languages, the former assuming the role of the dialect which remained in situ, implied to be particularly archaic in spite of its late attestation.

The Proto-Greek language would be practically equivalent to Mycenaean Greek and date to the 17th century BC, closely associating Greek migration to Greece with the Indo-Aryan migration to India at about the same time (viz., Indo-European expansion at the transition to the Late Bronze Age, including the possibility of Indo-European Kassites).

The Armenian hypothesis argues for the latest possible date of Proto-Indo-European (sans Anatolian), roughly a millennium later than the mainstream Kurgan hypothesis. In this, it figures as an opposite to the Anatolian hypothesis, in spite of the geographical proximity of the respective suggested Urheimaten, diverging from the timeframe suggested there by as much as three millennia.

Graeco-Aryan (or Graeco-Armeno-Aryan), invoked in particular in studies of comparative mythology, e.g. by West (1999) and Watkins (2001), is a hypothetical clade within the Indo-European family, ancestral to the Greek language, the Armenian language, and the Indo-Iranian languages.

Graeco-Aryan unity would have become divided into Proto-Greek and Proto-Indo-Iranian by the mid 3rd millennium BC. Conceivably, Proto-Armenian would have been located between Proto-Greek and Proto-Indo-Iranian, consistent with the fact that Armenian shares certain features only with Indo-Iranian (the satem change) but others only with Greek (s > h).

Graeco-Armeno-Aryan has comparatively wide support among Indo-Europeanists for the Indo-European Homeland to be located in the Armenian Highland. Early and strong evidence was given by Euler’s 1979 examination on shared features in Greek and Sanskrit nominal flection.

Used in tandem with the Graeco-Armeno-Aryan hypothesis, the Armenian language would also be included under the label Aryano-Greco-Armenic, splitting into proto-Greek/Phrygian and “Armeno-Aryan” (ancestor of Armenian and Indo-Iranian).

In the context of the Kurgan hypothesis, Greco-Aryan is also known as “Late PIE” or “Late Indo-European” (LIE), suggesting that Greco-Aryan forms a dialect group which corresponds to the latest stage of linguistic unity in the Indo-European homeland in the early part of the 3rd millennium BC. By 2500 BC, Proto-Greek and Proto-Indo-Iranian had separated, moving westward and eastward from the Pontic Steppe, respectively.

If Graeco-Aryan is a valid group, Grassmann’s law may have a common origin in Greek and Sanskrit. (Note, however, that Grassmann’s law in Greek postdates certain sound changes that happened only in Greek and not Sanskrit, which suggests that it cannot strictly be an inheritance from a common Graeco-Aryan stage. Rather, it is more likely an areal feature that spread across a then-contiguous Graeco-Aryan-speaking area after early Proto-Greek and Proto-Indo-Iranian had developed into separate dialects but before they ceased being in geographic contact.)

Armeno-Phrygian is a term for a minority supported claim of hypothetical people who are thought to have lived in the Armenian Highland as a group and then have separated to form the Phrygians and the Mushki of Cappadocia.

It is also used for the language they are assumed to have spoken. It can also be used for a language branch including these languages, a branch of the Indo-European family or a sub-branch of the proposed Graeco-Armeno-Aryan or Armeno-Aryan branch.

Classification is difficult because little is known of Phrygian and virtually nothing of Mushki, while Proto-Armenian forms a subgroup with Hurro-Urartian, Greek, and Indo-Iranian. These subgroups are all Indo-European, with the exception of Hurro-Urartian.

Note that the name Mushki is applied to different peoples by different sources and at different times. It can mean the Phrygians (in Assyrian sources) or Proto-Armenians as well as the Mushki of Cappadocia, or all three, in which case it is synonymous with Armeno-Phrygian.

Armenian hypothesis

Proto-Armenian

Armeno-Aryan

Armeno-Phrygian

Graeco-Armenian

Graeco-Aryan

Graeco-Armeno-Aryan

Classical Armenian

Glottalic theory

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Posted by Fredsvenn on May 30, 2014

As we faced the most recent events of killing of Ukrainian soldiers by the nationalist militants – just because the soldiers refused to fire at their people and civilians protesting the new regime, another news was coming.

In the most cynical act of treason against Ukraine, the Sergei Taruta, has offered 5 thousand Hryvnia to be paid daily to any mob hired to fight against the people of Donetsk region. For those who do not know, Mr. Taruta is a key oligarch in Donetsk region, and was incidentally appointed as a governor by the new regime. Now, with his assets at stake, he uses the newly granted powers as a governor to protect his wealth by hiring mob to do the fighting. It is because much of the regular army does not see it possible to solve the debate on power by firing at the opposition.

It is clear that in the interests of the oligarchs, appointed by the regime in Kiev is to save themselves and their assets, not the people. In the wave of continued disinformation in all Ukrainian media , they sound very proud, stating that it is the opposition of Donetsk that is kidnapping and killing, not the hired mob and the nationalists. How pathetic this sounds in the face of the most recent killing of the regular army soldiers refusing to fight against people who simply want to have a chance for a fair representation and a voice in the new Ukraine.

At the same time, the former president of Ukraine, Leonid Kuchma said at the round table on the 21st of May: “It will be the end of Donetsk region in a month or less, unless the people understand that everything depends on them, unless the large business also realizes its responsibility before people – the [Donetsk} army by itself will not be enough”

Ukrainian presidential candidate Petro Poroshenko (AFP Photo / Sergei Supinsky)

A simple search for ”Poroshenko” on WikiLeaks’ website gives at least 350 documents mentioning his name. But some of the descriptions provided by US diplomats are far from complimentary.

‘The disgraced oligarch’: WikiLeaks cables reveal changing US views on Poroshenko

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