Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

  • Sjur C Papazian

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  • The Fertile Crescent

    The Fertile Crescent is a term for an old fertile area north, east and west of the Arabian Desert in Southwest Asia. The Mesopotamian valley and the Nile valley fall under this term even though the mountain zone around Mesopotamia is the natural zone for the transition in a historical sense.

    As a result of a number of unique geographical factors the Fertile Crescent have an impressive history of early human agricultural activity and culture. Besides the numerous archaeological sites with remains of skeletons and cultural relics the area is known primarily for its excavation sites linked to agricultural origins and development of the Neolithic era.

    It was here, in the forested mountain slopes of the periphery of this area, that agriculture originated in an ecologically restricted environment. The western zone and areas around the upper Euphrates gave growth to the first known Neolithic farming communities with small, round houses , also referred to as Pre Pottery Neolithic A (PPNA) cultures, which dates to just after 10,000 BC and include areas such as Jericho, the world’s oldest city.

    During the subsequent PPNB from 9000 BC these communities developed into larger villages with farming and animal husbandry as the main source of livelihood, with settlement in the two-story, rectangular house. Man now entered in symbiosis with grain and livestock species, with no opportunity to return to hunter – gatherer societies.

    The area west and north of the plains of the Euphrates and Tigris also saw the emergence of early complex societies in the much later Bronze Age (about 4000 BC). There is evidence of written culture and early state formation in this northern steppe area, although the written formation of the states relatively quickly shifted its center of gravity into the Mesopotamian valley and developed there. The area is therefore in very many writers been named “The Cradle of Civilization.”

    The area has experienced a series of upheavals and new formation of states. When Turkey was formed in the aftermath of the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Armenians and Assyrians perpetrated by the Young Turks during the First World War it is estimated that two-thirds to three-quarters of all Armenians and Assyrians in the region died, and the Pontic Greeks was pushed to Greece.

    Israel was created out of the Ottoman Empire and the conquering of the Palestinian terretories. The existence of large Arab nation states from the Maghreb to the Levant has since represented a potential threat to Israel which should be neutralised when opportunities arise.

    This line of thinking was at the heart of David Ben Gurion’s policies in the 1950s which sought to exacerbate tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon for the fruits of acquiring regional influence by the dismembering the country and the possible acquisition of additional territory.

    The Christians are now being systematically targeted for genocide in Syria according to Vatican and other sources with contacts on the ground among the besieged Christian community.

    According to reports by the Vatican’s Fides News Agency collected by the Centre for the Study of Interventionism, the US-backed Free Syrian Army rebels and ever more radical spin-off factions are sacking Christian churches, shooting Christians dead in the street, broadcasting ultimatums that all Christians must be cleansed from the rebel-held villages, and even shooting priests.

    It is now time that the genocide against the Pontic Greeks, Assyrians and Armenians is being recognized, that the Israeli occupation, settlements and violence against the Palestinians stop, and that the various minorities in the area start to live their lifes in peace – without violence and threats from majority populations, or from the West, and then specificially from the US.

    War in the Fertile Crescent
    https://aratta.wordpress.com/2013/11/13/war-in-the-fertile-crescent

    Everyone is free to use the text on this blog as they want. There is no copyright etc. This because knowledge is more important than rules and regulations.

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The “Frog” in history

Posted by Sjur Cappelen Papazian on December 16, 2013

Armenian Highland, 10th mill. BC

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Poland, 9th mill. BC

10 Questions: Miriam Robbins Dexter on the Power of Female Display

The triangle-shaped female forms shown in petroglyphs at Qutubi in north central Xinjiang, Western China, resemble figures found at far-distant sites, including in Eastern Europe.

Lepenski Vir, Belgrade

Lepenski Vir, Belgrade

Lepenski Vir, Belgrade

Machang Phase pot, Majiayao Culture ca. 2300 BC

Machang Phase pot, Majiayao Culture ca. 2300 BCE, National Museum of China; crouching stone

Machang Phase pot, Majiayao Culture ca. 2300 BC

Crouching stone “fish” figure from the Mesolithic site of Lepenski Vir

Feminine silhouettes from Romania, Poland, Ukraine, ca. 4100-3500 BC

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Bulgaria, 7000-5000 BC

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Romania, 6000 BC

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Serbia, 6000-5000 BC

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Vinca, 6th mill. BC

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Vinca, 5th mill. BC

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Macedonia, 4600-4500 BC

Qijia culture

Qijia culture

Qijia culture

Majiayao culture, Machang phase, ca. 2300–2050 BC

Machang Culture

Machang Culture

Machang Culture, 2453 to 2032 BC

Machang Culture, 2453 to 2032 BC

Machang Culture, 2453 to 2032 BC

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China, 2300-2050 BC

 Machang Culture, 2453 to 2032 BC

Machang Culture, 2453 to 2032 BC

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Susa, 3rd mill. BC

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Mesopotamia, 2700-2500 BC

Croatia, 3rd mill. BC

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BMAC, 3rd-early 2nd millenium BC

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Indus Valley seal

Australia, Neolithic

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Australia, Neolithic

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Australia, Neolithic

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Cypriot seal, 1400-1150 BC

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Lorestan, 1250-650 BC

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Etruscan, ca 550 BC

India, kashmir smat, 2nd AD

Colombia, 1st mill. AD

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