Cradle of Civilization

A Blog about the Birth of Our Civilisation and Development

Archive for February, 2013

We Remember the Victims of Sumgait pogrom

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 28, 2013

STEPANAKERT:

“On February 26-29, 1988, with the actual support of the Azerbaijani authorities and the collusion of the Soviet leadership, a massacre of Armenians was carried out in the city of Sumgait, the Azerbaijani Soviet Socialist Republic, which shocked the international community with its savagery and brutality,” the Foreign Ministry of the Nagorno Karabakh Republic said in a statement ahead of the 24th anniversary of the crime.

Erik Grigoryan:

“Today, as we mark the 25th year of the grave crime against humanity in Azerbaijan, that killed, raped and tortured hundreds of defenseless Armenians, I remember that one person from Azerbaijan, who was part of a Dialogue program with me, went against the peer pressure and revealed, that her grandmother was about to be killed because she was Russian speaking, like many Armenians, and because they she would not pass the test of saying “funduk” without an russian-Armenian accent, a measure that helped Azerbaijanis to distinguish Armenians to kill them. The story she told was that the mob flooded into the hospital, started testing everyone to find the Armenians. Her grandmother did not pass the test and they wanted to kill her. Her son miraculously convinced them to wait some minutes until he could bring her passport from home, after what she was left to live…”

Sumgait pogrom – Wikipedia

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Situasjonen i Syria

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 27, 2013

Krigen i Syria er en proxy krig mellom Vest (Israel, USA og Europa) og Øst (Russland, Kina, India, Iran, Brasil mm). En krig som i verste fall kan føre til verdenskrig! Full støtte til en fredelig opposisjon i Syria som støtter demopkrati og et pluralistisk Syria fremfor en islamo-fundamentalistisk opposisjon støttet av USA og Arabia.

The Sitting Room Snipers

Sniper on a sofa: A Free Syrian Army fighter fires his sniper rifle from a house in Aleppo

With sweeping curtains, a chandelier and luxurious sofas, this was once the home of a seemingly well-to-do family in Syria. But now it is a place of killing, where a rebel sniper was pictured taking aim from the window as his comrades casually lounge around. The richly-decorated house is in the city of Aleppo, where constant fighting between government forces and rebels is tearing apart the lives of normal citizens.

The Sitting Room Snipers

The Sitting Room Snipers

Syria’s armenian community in danger of ethnic cleansing

The Turks committed genocide against Armenians a hundred years ago. It must not happen again in Syria

Congressman James McGovern (D-Mass.) this week called on Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to ensure that the United States acts with “increased vigilance in demanding that all parties in Syria protect minority populations, including Armenians and other Christian communities that have been caught in the cross-fire between opposing forces,” reported the Armenian National Committee of America (ANCA).

Rep. James McGovern:
“We very much appreciate Congressman McGovern’s leadership and constructive engagement with the Department of State in ensuring that American aid reaches all those in need in Syria, including Armenians, other Christians, and all victims of violence and deprivation in and around the Aleppo region,” said Aram Hamparian, executive director of the ANCA. “We share his concern for the welfare of the innocent victims of this conflict, and join with him in calling upon the administration to apply the full force of American diplomacy in impressing upon all parties in Syria that they must protect minorities and all at-risk populations.”In a letter sent to Clinton on Nov. 16, McGovern, who serves as co-chairman of the Tom Lantos Congressional Human Rights Caucus, voiced his strong support for U.S. humanitarian efforts, including an ANCA-backed provision in the House Appropriations Committee’s version of the FY13 State-Foreign Operations Bill calling on the State Department to prioritize humanitarian and resettlement assistance for minority communities, including Armenians and other Christian populations in Syria. Among the specific priorities Congressman McGovern raised in his letter were:

– Ensuring that U.S. assistance reaches all at-risk populations, including Armenians, Christians, and others in and around the Aleppo area.

– Encouraging the U.S. government to facilitate the timely delivery of aid to Syria provided by Armenian-Americans and other Armenians worldwide.

– Exploring with the Republic of Armenia assistance that can be provided to support and sustain the refugees who have fled Syria and sought refuge in Armenia.

McGovern also highlighted for Clinton the fact that “the Armenian community of Syria, particularly those in and around the Aleppo region, includes a great many descendants of survivors of the Armenian Genocide and the forced death marches through the Syrian desert. These Armenians, along with other Christian and minority populations, are, today, increasingly the victims of violence, in the form of bombings, sniper attacks, murders, kidnapping, and acts of destruction and desecration of holy sites. Only recently, the Armenian Genocide Martyrs Memorial Church in Deir Zor, a site of pilgrimage for Armenians worldwide, was severely damaged as a result of shelling from unidentified assailants.”

“Spillet om Syria” av Sverre Lodgaard

Amerikansk False Flag Operation i Syria

Nettopp det vi trengte – Et israelsk angrep på Syria

USA med sine allierte klare til krig mot Syria

National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces

BBC tatt for å lyve – Syria

Et kommende angrep på Syria?

Hvor bør vi stå i spørsmålet om Syria?

Kurderne i Syria

Vedrørende Syria

Hva nå i Syria?

WikiLeaks: “Syria Files”

Syria-situasjonen tilspisses

ALARM: Pågående folkemord mot kristne i Syria

En ny “kald krig” – Syria?

Ingen krig mot Syria

Nyheter om Syria

FN: “Det er borgerkrig i Syria”

Arabiske land innfører sanksjoner mot Syria

Sanksjonsregime mot Syria

Ingen vestlig militærintervenering i Syria

Situasjonen i Syria forværres

Opprøret – og undertrykkelsen – fortsetter i Syria

Folket i Syria krever frihet

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Road of Death in Iraq

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 27, 2013

The Highway of Death refers to a six-lane highway between Kuwait and Iraq, officially known as Highway 80. It runs from Kuwait City, Kuwait to the border town of Safwan, Iraq and then on to Basra, Iraq. The road had been used by Iraqi armed divisions for the 1990 Invasion of Kuwait. The road was repaired after the Gulf War and used by U.S. and British forces in the initial stages of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.

During the United Nations coalition offensive in the Gulf War, American and Canadian aircraft and ground forces attacked retreating Iraqi military personnel and others escaping Kuwait on the night of February 26-27, 1991, resulting in the destruction of hundreds of vehicles and the deaths of many of their occupants. U.S. attacks against the Iraqi columns were actually conducted on two different roads. Between 1,400 and 2,000 vehicles were hit or abandoned on the main Highway 80 north of Al Jahra (the “actual” Highway of Death). Several hundred more littered the lesser known Highway 8 to the major southern Iraq military stronghold of Basra.

The scenes of devastation on the road are some of the most recognizable images of the war, and were publicly cited as a factor in President George H. W. Bush’s decision to declare a cessation of hostilities the next day.[3] Many Iraqi forces, however, successfully escaped across the Euphrates river, and the U.S. Defense Intelligence Agency estimated that upwards of 70,000 to 80,000 troops from defeated divisions in Kuwait might have fled into the city of Basra.

Highway of Death – Wikipedia

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The Amiriyah shelter bombing, Baghdad, Gulf War I

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 27, 2013

The Amiriyah shelter bombing was an aerial attack that killed more than 408 civilians on 13 February 1991 during the Gulf War, when an air-raid shelter (“Public Shelter No. 25”), also referred to as the Al Firdos C3 bunker by the U.S. military, in the Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, was destroyed by the USAF with two laser-guided “smart bombs”.

According to the The Pentagon, they targeted Amiriyah because it fit the profile of a military command center; it picked up electronic signals coming from the site, and spy satellites could see a lot of people and vehicles moving in and out of the bunker. The shelter was used in the Iran–Iraq War and the Persian Gulf War by hundreds of civilians.

The Amiriyah shelter bombing

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Some pictures from Gulf War II:

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Oldest European cities

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 26, 2013

Here is a list of towns and cities in Europe that were founded at least 3000 years ago (prior to 1000 BC), and the probable corresponding main haplogroup(s) of the people who founded the city:

The oldest towns outside the Aegean follow the Neolithic expansion of haplogroup E-V13 and J2 from Thessaly along the Danube basin (see map below). Unsurprisingly E-V13 is most commonly found from northern Greece to Serbia, with Kosovo peaking at 45% of the population. It reaches 19% in Macedonian Greeks, 23% in Albania, 24% in Serbia, and 40% in the Sesklo/Dimini region of Thessaly.

Bulgaria Boasts Europe’s Oldest City?

Plovdiv – Wikipedia

Plovdiv’s Home Page

Top 10 Oldest Cities in the World

List of cities by time of continuous habitation – Wikipedia

https://i2.wp.com/tc-media.explorra.com/1c0/192/%7B1c01925e-fec3-4f42-8e0b-a089d82d6aa0%7D.4500995714_98968a3708_o.jpg

  1. 7,000 BCE : Choirokoitia (Cyprus) => G2a, J2 and E1b1b
  2. 6,500 BCE : Sesklo (Thessaly, Greece) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  3. 6,000 BCE : Starčevo (Serbia) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  4. 5,500 BCE : Pločnik (Serbia) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  5. 5,000 BCE : Varna (Bulgaria) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  6. 5,000 BCE : Hallstatt (Austria) => E1b1b, G2a and J2 (and I2b ?)
  7. 5,000 BCE : Bratislava (Slovakia) => E1b1b, G2a and J2 (and I2b ?)
  8. 4,800 BCE : Dimini (Thessaly, Greece) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  9. c. 4,500 BCE : Lerna (Peloponnese, Greece) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  10. 4,500 BCE : Glauberg (Hesse, Germany) => E1b1b, G2a and J2 (and I2b ?)
  11. 4,000 BCE : Plovdiv (Bulgaria) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  12. 4,000 BCE : Phaistos (Crete, Greece) => J2
  13. 3,900 BCE : Michelsberg (Baden, Germany) => E1b1b, G2a and J2 (and I2b ?)
  14. 3,800 BCE : Dobrovody (Ukraine) => I2a2, E1b1b , G2a and J2
  15. 3,700 BCE : Talianki (Ukraine) => I2a2, E1b1b , G2a and J2
  16. 3,700 BCE : Maydanets (Ukraine) => I2a2, E1b1b , G2a and J2
  17. 3,250 BCE : Kasenovka (Ukraine) => I2a2, E1b1b , G2a and J2
  18. 3,200 BCE : Skara Brae (Scotland) => G2a and I2b
  19. 3,000 BCE : Troy (Turkey) => R1b and J2
  20. 3,000 BCE : Myrtos Pyrgos (Crete, Greece) => J2
  21. 3,000 BCE : Akrotiri (Cyprus) => , G2a, J2 and E1b1b
  22. 3,000 BCE : Athens (Greece) => E1b1b, G2a, I2, J2
  23. 2,700 BCE : Knossos (Crete, Greece) => J2
  24. 2,500 BCE : Kastri, (Kythera, Greece) => J2
  25. 2,300 BCE : Gournia (Crete, Greece) => J2 (and R1b ?)
  26. 2,300 BCE : Manika (Euboea, Greece) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  27. 2,000 BCE : Mantua (Italy) => E1b1b G2a, I2a
  28. 1,900 BCE : Mycenae (Greece) => R1a (or R1b)
  29. 1,900 BCE : Mallia (Crete, Greece) => J2 (and R1b ?)
  30. 1,900 BCE : Kato Zakros (Crete, Greece) => J2 (and R1b ?)
  31. 1,600 BCE : Hagia Triada (Crete, Greece) => J2 (and R1b ?)
  32. 1,600 BCE : Chania (Crete, Greece) => J2 (and R1b ?)
  33. 1,400 BCE : Larnaca (Cyprus) => G2a, J2 and E1b1b
  34. 1,300 BCE : Heuneburg (Württemberg, Germany) => R1b
  35. 1,200 BCE : Lisbon (Portugal) => G2a and I2 and R1b
  36. 1,100 BCE : Cadiz (Spain) => J2, E1b1b, G2a
  37. 1,100 BCE : Chios (North Aegean, Greece) => J2, E1b1b (and R1b ?)
  38. 1,000 BCE : Würzburg (Bavaria, Germany) => R1b

Here is a list of late Neolithic to early Bronze Age fortified villages and small towns from Iberia:

  1. c. 3,500 BCE : Leceia (Estremadura, Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  2. c. 3,200 BCE : Los Millares (Andalusia, Spain) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  3. c. 3,000 BCE : Castelo Velho de Freixo de Numão (North Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  4. c. 3,000 BCE : Almizaraque (Andalusia, Spain) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  5. c. 2,800 BCE : Zambujal (Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  6. c. 2,600 BCE : Vila Nova de São Pedro (Estremadura, Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  7. c. 2,500 BCE : Santa Justa (Algarve, Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  8. c. 2,500 BCE : Monte da Tumba (Setubal, Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  9. c. 2,400 BCE : Pragança (Estremadura, Portugal) => J2, G2a and E1b1b
  10. c. 1,800 BCE : Antas (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  11. c. 1,800 BCE : El Argar (Murcia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  12. c. 1,800 BCE : Lugarico Viejo (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a2 and R1b ?
  13. c. 1,800 BCE : Ifre (Murcia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  14. c. 1,800 BCE : Zapata (Murcia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  15. c. 1,800 BCE : Puntarrón Chico (Murcia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  16. c. 1,800 BCE : Cabezo Redondo (Murcia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  17. c. 1,800 BCE : Gatas (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  18. c. 1,800 BCE : Cerro de la Virgen de Orce (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  19. c. 1,800 BCE : Cerro de la Encina (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?
  20. c. 1,700 BCE : Cuesta del Negro (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a and J2
  21. c. 1,550 BCE : Fuente Álamo (Andalusia, Spain) => E1b1b, G2a, J2, I2a and R1b ?

Haplogroup J (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup J1

Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup J2

Haplogroup G (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup G

Haplogroup I (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup I1

Haplogroup I2 (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup I2

Haplogroup R (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup R1a

Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup R1b

Haplogroup E (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup E1b1b (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup E1b1b

Haplogroup J2

Haplogroup T (Y-DNA) – Wikipedia

Haplogroup T

YDNA Haplogroup Descriptions & Information Links

Learn about Y-chromosome Haplogroup I

Distribution of haplogroup G in general

Ötzi, the Tyrolean Iceman belonged to Y-haplogroup G2a4

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Et lite ord om religion og nestekjærlighet

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 24, 2013

Desverre lærer man lite ekte kristendom på skolen, og til og med kirken har gått bort fra så mange ting at det du blir nødt til å gjøre for å forstå noe som helst er enten å søke i ditt hjerte eller lese kulturhistorie. Makt korrumperer, også i kirka. En ting man klart kan konkludere av de siste 2000 års historie er iaf at vi er på avveier. Men man trenger ikke dømme alt pga menneskers trang etter materielle goder osv. Kristendommen er langt mer kompleks. Og ja. Vi kan også være kjempegode mennesker uten kristendommen, akkurat som vi kan være uten noen som helst andre bøker, kunnskap og visdom. Det handler først og fremst å være et menneske, og handle ut fra nestekjærlighet. Ekte kristendom, akkurat som med alt annet, bør omfavne alle mennesker i sin kjærlighet til menneskeheten uansett hva de måtte mene og tro. De som bare kan elske likesinnede er hyklere uansett livssyn.

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The history of Adonis

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 24, 2013

Osiris, Dionysus, Attis, Adonis, Bacchus, Mithras, Jesus. What do these all have in common?

Adonis, in Greek mythology, is the god of beauty and desire, and is a central figure in various mystery religions. His religion belonged to women: the dying of Adonis was fully developed in the circle of young girls around the poet Sappho from the island of Lesbos, about 600 BC, as revealed in a fragment of Sappho’s surviving poetry.

Adonis is one of the most complex figures in classical times. He has had multiple roles, and there has been much scholarship over the centuries concerning his meaning and purpose in Greek religious beliefs. He is an annually-renewed, ever-youthful vegetation god, a life-death-rebirth deity whose nature is tied to the calendar. His name is often applied in modern times to handsome youths, of whom he is the archetype. Adonis is often referred to as the mortal god of Beauty.

The Greek Adōnis was a borrowing from the Semitic word adon, “lord”, which is related to Adonai, one of the names used to refer to the God in the Hebrew Bible and still used in Judaism to the present day. Syrian Adonis is Gauas or Aos, to Egyptian Osiris, to the Semitic Tammuz and Baal Hadad, to the Etruscan Atunis and the Phrygian Attis, all of whom are deities of rebirth and vegetation.

Women in Athens would plant “gardens of Adonis” quick-growing herbs that sprang up from seed and died. The Festival of Adonis was celebrated by women at midsummer by sowing fennel and lettuce, and grains of wheat and barley. The plants sprang up soon, and withered quickly, and women mourned for the death of the vegetation god.

These mourning ceremonies were observed even at the very door of the Temple in Jerusalem in a vision the Israelite prophet Ezekiel was given, which serves as a Biblical prophecy which expresses Yahweh’s message at His people’s apostate worship of idols. Ezekiel’s testimony is the only direct mention of Tammuz in the Hebrew Bible.

Tammuz / Dumuzid (DUMU.ZI(D), “faithful or true son” was the name of a Sumerian god of food and vegetation. Recent discoveries reconfirm him as an annual life-death-rebirth deity. In Babylonia, the month Tammuz was established in honor of the eponymous god Tammuz, who originated as a Sumerian shepherd-god, Dumuzid or Dumuzi, the consort of Inanna and, in his Akkadian form, the parallel consort of Ishtar.

Attis was the consort of Cybele in Phrygian and Greek mythology. His priests were eunuchs, the Galli, as explained by origin myths pertaining to Attis and castration. Attis was also a Phrygian god of vegetation, and in his self-mutilation, death, and resurrection he represents the fruits of the earth, which die in winter only to rise again in the spring.[

It has been suggested that the Attis myth is one of several precursors to the story of Jesus Christ, due to several similarities (his virgin birth at the winter solstice, his status as savior, his body as bread, his crucifixion and his resurrection at the vernal equinox).

Ara the Beautiful (also Ara the Handsome or Ara the Fair) is a legendary Armenian hero. He is notable in Armenian literature for the popular legend in which he was so handsome that the Assyrian queen Semiramis waged war against Armenia just to get him. He is the god of spring, flora, agriculture, sowing and water. He is associated with Osiris, Vishnu and Dionysus, as the symbol of new life.

Original cult worship is a kind of unfathomable higher power or intelligence called Ara, called the physical embodiment of the sun (Arev) worshiped by the ancient Armenians, who called themselves “the children of the sun”. Since ancient times, the cult of sun worship occupied a special place in Armenian mythology. Also among the most ancient types of worship of Indo-European roots are the cults of eagles and lions, and the worship of heaven.

Ares (aris) was the Greek god of war. He is one of the Twelve Olympians, and the son of Zeus and Hera. In Greek literature, he often represents the physical or violent aspect of war, in contrast to the armored Athena, whose functions as a goddess of intelligence include military strategy and generalship.

Aries (meaning “ram”) is the first astrological sign in the Zodiac, spanning the first 30 degrees of celestial longitude (0°≤ λ <30º), which area the Sun transits, on average, between March 21 to April 21 each year.

According to the Tropical system of astrology, the Sun enters the sign of Aries when it reaches the northern vernal equinox, which occurs around March 21. Due to the fact that the Earth takes approximately 365.25 days to go around the Sun, the precise time of the equinox is not the same each year, and generally will occur about 6 hours later each year, with a jump of a day (backwards) on leap years. Since 1900 the vernal equinox date ranged from March 20 at 08h (2000) to March 21 at 19h (1903) (all times UTC).

In Sidereal astrology, the sun currently transits the constellation of Aries from 15 April to 15 May (approximately). Individuals born during these dates, depending on which system of astrology they subscribe to, may be called Ariolas or Ariens.

In astrology, a planet’s domicile is the zodiac sign over which it has rulership. The planet said to be ruler of Aries, or those associated with Ariens, is Mars.

Hadad is a Northwest Semitic storm and rain god, cognate in name and origin with the Akkadian (Assyrian-Babylonian) god Adad. Hadad was often called simply Baʿal (Lord), but this title was also used for other gods. The bull was the symbolic animal of Hadad. He appeared bearded, often holding a club and thunderbolt while wearing a bull-horned headdress. Hadad was equated with the Anatolian storm-god Teshub; the Egyptian god Set; the Greek god Zeus; and the Roman god Jupiter, as Jupiter Dolichenus.

In religious texts, Ba‘al/Hadad is the lord of the sky who governs the rain and thus the germination of plants with the power of his desire that they be fertile. He is the protector of life and growth to the agricultural people of the region. The absence of Ba‘al causes dry spells, starvation, death, and chaos.

Osiris is the mythological father of the god Horus, whose conception is described in the Osiris myth, a central myth in ancient Egyptian belief. The myth described Osiris as having been killed by his brother Set, who wanted Osiris’ throne. Isis joined the fragmented pieces of Osiris, but the only body part missing was the phallus. Isis fashioned a golden phallus, and briefly brought Osiris back to life by use of a spell that she learned from her father. This spell gave her time to become pregnant by Osiris before he again died. Isis later gave birth to Horus. As such, since Horus was born after Osiris’ resurrection, Horus became thought of as a representation of new beginnings and the vanquisher of the evil Set.

Ptah-Seker (who resulted from the identification of Ptah with Seker), god of re-incarnation, thus gradually became identified with Osiris, the two becoming Ptah-Seker-Osiris. As the sun was thought to spend the night in the underworld, and was subsequently re-incarnated every morning, Ptah-Seker-Osiris was identified as both king of the underworld, and god of reincarnation.

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Ancient DNA from Neolithic Sweden

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 22, 2013

A new paper in Science solidifies the case for migration as the cause for the diffusion of agriculture in Europe. Discontinuity between early Neolithic farmers and Mesolithic foragers in Central Europe had provided strong hints about this discontinuity, and these were confirmed by other ancient European DNA, e.g., from Treilles, or the Tyrolean Iceman. The case now appears irrefutable, that people not ideas were involved in the spread farming to the northern fringes of Europe.

Ancient DNA from Neolithic Sweden

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Archaeological Cultures

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 22, 2013

In the attempt to understand who we are and where we came from, history takes us only so far. Once the written record thins and ends—not far back in time, evolutionarily speaking—we are left primarily with archaeological evidence and inferences from linguistics.

Archaeological Cultures

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The Origins of Indo-European Religion

Posted by Fredsvenn on February 22, 2013

The following text is a lecture delivered by Dr. Alexander Jacob at the London Forum on September 1, 2012. Dr. Jacob’s approach, if correct, implies a revolution in Indo-European studies, as he treats the pre-Aryan diffusion of culture, which includes the Minoan, Egyptian, Sumerian, and Indus Valley civilizations, as part of a larger Indo-European culture.

The Origins of Indo-European Religion

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